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3500单词不难记:高考高频词记忆方法:单词+词组+句型(1)

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3500 单词不难记:高考高频词记忆方法:单词+词组+句型(1) 天津一中梁耀兴 2016-02-15 19:26:56
阅读数:33 1. abandon v. 放弃,遗弃,抛弃 abandon the baby/ child/ friend abandon the plan/ idea/ effort/ hope abandon oneself to 陷入,沉湎于 He abandoned himself to despair(绝望). 2. ability n. 能力; 才能 the ability to walk 行走的能力 to the best of one’s ability 竭尽全力
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He completed the job to the best of his ability. 3.abnormal adj.不正常的,畸形的,反常的 They thought his behavior was abnormal. 反义词:normal 4. aboard prep. adv.在船(飞机,火车)上,上船(飞机,轮船) all the people aboard 机上的人 5. about prep 关于,ad 大约,到处 a) be about to do sth…(when) 正要做某事,这时...... I was about to go out when it began to rain. b) look about/around/round
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c) How/What about…询问情况或建议 6 . above prep 在…上面 above all 首先;尤其 7. abroad ad.到(在)国外 a) go /study /live abroad b) at home and abroad 在国内外 8. absence n. 不在,缺席 absence from work/ school The decision was made in my absence. in the absence of 在缺少...…条件下
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The case was dismissed in the absence of proof. 9. absent adj. 缺席的,不在的 be absent from 缺席...... absent-minded adj. 心不在焉的 10. absorb vt. 1) 吸收,吸进(液体,气体等) 2) 理解,掌握 absorb ink/ water/ neat/ light/ oxygen/ sound/ energy absorb information/ knowledge be absorbed in 专注于,聚精会神于…... 11. abuse v. / n. 滥用,谩骂 abuse alcohol/ drugs 酗酒 /嗜毒
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abuse power/ position/ privilege 滥用权力/职权/特权 12. accept vt. 接受,承认 accept the gift/invitation/plan accept sb/sth as… 13. access n.方法,通路,机会 The only access to the farm was a narrow bridge. Only high officials have access to the emperor. We students have access to the school library. accessible adj. 可进入的,可接近的,可使用的 Such information is not easily accessible to the public.
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14. accident n.事故,意外的事 by accident/chance 偶然,无意中;不小心 15. accompany v. 陪伴,伴随,伴奏 accompany sb. to the school/supermarket accompany the singer on/at the piano Lightening(闪电)usually accompanies thunder. 16. accomplish v. 完成,到达,实现 accomplishment n. 成就,成绩 accomplish the task/purpose/goal 17. according to 根据
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According to the law, he should be sentenced to death. 18. accuse vt. 指控,指责 accuse sb of (doing ) sth 控告…... 19. accustomed adj. 习惯的,适应的,惯常的 be/get/become accustomed to doing He was soon accustomed to getting up early. 20. ache vi./n 疼痛 headache / toothache My back aches so much. 21. achieve vt 达到;取得
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achieve success/victory/one’s goal
22. achievement n. 成就,业绩;完成(任务等)
make great achievements
23. acknowledge v. 承认,致谢
It is generally acknowledged that global warming is caused by greenhouse gases(温室气体).
Yaoming is acknowledged as/to be the best player in China.
I acknowledged financial(财政的)support from the local government.
24. acrossprep./adv. 穿过,横穿
crossv. 穿过,横穿
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cross a street come/run across 偶然碰到 25. act n.法令,条例 vt.表演,扮演,行动,做事 act as 充当;扮演 act out 把…...表演出来 26. action n. 行动 take action to do sth put sth into action 把…付诸实施 27. active adj. 积极的;主动的 take an active part in/be active in 积极参加
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28. activity n. 活动 outdoor activities 户外运动 29. actual a.实际的 actually adv. in (actual) fact 实际上 30. adapt vi. 适应,适合,改编 vt. 使适应 adapt to change/the city life adapt oneself to the new surroundings adapt the novel for a film 31. add vt 添加,增加,补充说(that)
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add(…)to 添加 add up 把…加在一起 add up to 总计为; 总数为 a) His illness added to our trouble. b) He added that he would come again. c) Please add these figures(数字)up. d) These numbers add up to 100. e) He added some salt to the water. 32. address n.地址 vt.写地址;向…...讲话(尤指演讲) address the letter to sb. 给某人寄信
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The letter was wrongly addressed. The president addressed the public. 33. adjust vt. 调整,调节,适应 adjust your speed/the volume(音量)/the camera adjust to the dark/the single life adjust yourself to the student life adjustment n. 调整,调节 34. admire v 钦佩.;羡慕 admire sb for sth I admire John for his courage.
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35. admit vt (admitted ,admitted) 1) 承认 admit one’s mistakes admit doing/having done He admitted having stolen the money. 2) 准许(入场,入学,入会) admit sb to/into→sb be admitted to He has been admitted to Beijing University. 36. adopt v. 收养,采用,采纳 adopt a child
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the adopted son/daughter adopt a new policy/a suggestion/a plan/an attitude 37. advance vi. 推进,促进;前进 advanced adj.先进的/ 高级的 in advance 预先,事先 an advanced worker 38. advantage n. 优点,好处(可数名词) 反:disadvantage take advantage of 利用 have an advantage over 优于…... to sb’s advantage 对(某人)有利 39. advertise vt. 为…...做广告
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1)为…做广告 advertise a product 2)登广告征求/寻找…... advertise for a new sales manager 40. advice n. advise vt. 忠告,劝告,建议 take/follow/accept one’s advice 接受某人的建议 ask sb for advice 向某人寻求建议 a piece of advice 一条建议 give sb some advice on sth advise sb (not) to do
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advise doing advise that …(should)+do Our teacher advised that we should study hard. 41. affect vt. 影响, 深深打动,使悲伤等 Smoking affects health. People were deeply affected by the death of Jin Zhengri. 42. afford vt. 负担得起,抽得出(时间); 提供 can/could/be able to afford sth/to do sth I can’t afford a book/to buy the book 43. afraid a. 害怕的;担心的
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be afraid to do 因为害怕不敢做…... be afraid of doing 害怕...… She was afraid to go out alone at night. She was afraid of waking him up. 44. against prep 对着,反对, 违背,靠着,迎着,衬着 stand against the wall (靠墙站着) go against nature be against sth They are strongly against the plan. The pine tree were black against the morning sky.
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45. age n.年龄;时代 vi. 变老 for ages 多年 at an early age at the age of … of the same age=of an age After his wife’s death he aged quickly. 46. agree vi. 同意;应允 1)agree with ①同意 agree with sb / what you say/your opinion.
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②表示一致;“ (食物、天气、工作等)对…适宜”:
The weather does not agree with me. 这种天气对我不适 宜。
A verb must agree with its subject in person and number.
What he does does not agree with what he says. 他言行 不一致。
2)agree to the plan/ the arrangement/ the suggestion .
3)agree on /upon 主要指双/多方通过协商而取得一致意见或 达成协议:
We agreed on the price. 我们就价格达成了一致意见。
Both sides agreed on these terms. 双方都同意这些条件。
4) agree to do sth
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He agreed to go with us. 他同意同我们去。 5) reach/arrive at/come to an agreement 6) I can’t/couldn’t agree more. 47. ahead ad. 在前,向前 ahead of time 提前 go ahead 前进,干吧,说吧 48. aid n. 援助;救护;辅助工具 v. 帮助,促进 first aid 急救 in aid of 支持 by ( the) aid of 借助于,通过…的帮助
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come/go to one’s aid 帮助某人 aid (sb/sth) in/with ( doing) sth 帮助某人做…... 49. aim at ① 瞄准,对准 He aimed the gun at the enemy officer. ② (向某方面)努力 She's aiming at ( trying to win) a scholarship. ③ 针对某人 My words were not aimed at you. 50. alike adj. 相像的,十分相似的 adv. 相似地,相同地 We are alike in many ways. They tried to treat their children alike.
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3500 单词不难记:高考高频词记忆方法:单词+词组+句型(3) 天津一中梁耀兴 2016-02-16 21:28:04
阅读数:20
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3500 单词不难记:高考高频词记忆方法:单词+词组+句型(5) 天津一中梁耀兴 2016-02-17 22:02:48
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阅读数:43
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3500 单词不难记:高考高频词记忆方法:单词+词组+句型(6) 天津一中梁耀兴 2016-02-18 19:50:42
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阅读数:21
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赏 3500 单词不难记:高考高频词记忆方法:单词+词组+句型(E—F)
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天津一中梁耀兴 2016-02-20 05:43:34 阅读数:24
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3500 单词不难记:高考高频词记忆方法:单词+词组+句型 (G—H)

天津一中梁耀兴 阅读数:34 G

2016-02-20 20:02:07

1. gain n.收益,获利 v.获得,赚得,赢得

gain knowledge

The clock gains one minute a day. 这座钟一天块一分钟。 He gained 10kg in weight.

No pains, no gains. 没有付出,就没有收获。

2. gathervt/vi 聚集,采集

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n. gathering gather breath 缓一口气 gather courage 鼓起勇气 gather strength 积蓄/获得力量 She gathered a crowd around her. 她周围聚集了一群人。 A crowd of people gathered around her. The train was gathering speed. 3. generousadj. 慷慨大方的,丰盛的 generosityn. be generous to sb 对某人慷慨
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a generous meal 一顿丰盛的饭 It's generous of you to lend me the car. 4.get v. 成为,得到,到达 ,使/让,理解 Mother often gets me to wash the dishes. The machine broke down. Can you get it working? I am going to get my bike repaired. You got it. 你明白了。(言外之意:我就是这个意思。) Hard work can get you somewhere. get sth across to sb 使人理解某事 get along with 和......相处
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get down to doing sth 开始认真做某事 get rid of 消除,摆脱 get round (消息)传开;走动 get away with 侥幸逃脱 get away from 摆脱,逃离 5.giftn. 赠品,礼物 a birthday gift have a gift for 有......的天赋 a man of many gifts gifted = talented 有天赋的
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a gifted student 6. give v. 递给,付出,给予 give out 分发,公布,用尽,精疲力竭 give up 放弃 give in 屈服 give away 赠送,泄露 give off 发出(光等) 7. gloryn. 荣誉,光荣,赞美 gloriousadj. It s a great glory to die for our country.
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8. go v. 去,走,到,变得,讲,流传 n. 去,进行,尝试 All the money he got went in books. 他的所有钱都用来买书了。 The story goes that there was a mean landlord named ZhouBapi. 这个故事讲的是,有一个叫周扒皮的吝啬的地主。 Where does the book go? There are five minutes to go. 还剩五分钟了。 There is a long way to go. go hungry/thirsty/mad/bad/wrong have a go 试试 be on the go 忙碌 9. good adj. 好的,愉快的 n.好处,善行
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have a good time doing sth. a good few books 不少书 a good many books 大量的书 give sb a good beating 给人一顿痛打 as good as 和...…一样好,几乎 be good at English be good for 对...有好处 be good to sb 对某人好 do good to sb=do sb good 对某人又好处 It is no good doing sth. 做某事是没有好处的。
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10. graspvt. 抓牢,抓紧,理解,领会 He suddenly grasped my arm. He grasped what I said. 11. grateful 感激的,感谢的 be grateful for/that... I’m so grateful for all your help. She was grateful that he helped him a lot. 12. greedyadj. 贪婪的 be greedy for power 贪图权利的 It’s greedy for you to take so money.
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13. greet v. 招呼,迎接,入(耳),触(目),扑(鼻) greet sb with a nod 点头示意 greet the New Year 迎接新年 A sweet smell greets the nose.香气扑鼻。 14. grow vt/vi/link.v 成长,渐渐变得,发展 He grew tall/old. I grew to like the dog.(grow to do=come to do) 我渐渐开 始喜欢这条狗。 a growing number of people 越来越多的人 15. guarantee v./n.保证
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guarantee sb. sth. guarantee to do guarantee that … I guarantee you a wonderful film. I can’t guarantee to work for more than a year. I guarantee that you’ll love this film. 16. guess v./n. 猜测,认为,推测 What do you guess has happened to him? I guess so./I guess not. You have guessed it. 你已经猜到了。
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17. guidancen. 引导,指导,建议 under one’guidance guidev./n. 引导,导游 18. guiltyadj. 有罪的,内疚的 He was guilty of murder. He was found guilty. I feel guilty of what I did. H 1. habit n.习惯 form/develop the(a) habit of 形成......习惯
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be in the(a)habit of 有......习惯 fall/get into the(a) habit of 染上......习惯(含贬义) 2. hand v.传递 n.手,指针 have a hand in... 插手,参见,与......有关 give/lend sb a hand 帮助某人 hand in 上交 hand out 分发 hand down 把......传下去 from hand to hand 传递,转手
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on the one hand…;on the other hand… 一方面......;另一 方面...... 3. handlen. 把手 vt. 处理,应付 the handle of the door I have no idea how to handle the children. 4. handy adj. 便利的,顺手的 It’s quite a handy little tool. I always keep my gun handy just in case. 5. hang vt/vi 绞刑,上吊,悬挂 hang one’s head in shame 含羞低头
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hang curtains hang out 挂出,闲逛 hang up 挂断电话,拖延 6. happen v. 发生,碰巧 What happened to her? It so happened that I had no money with me. I happened to have no money with me. 7. hardly adv. 几乎不,刚刚 Hardly does she go home. Hardly had he got home when it began to rain.
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8. harmv./n.危害,伤害 harm sb/sth do (no) harm to sb/sth 9. harvestn./v. A heavy snow promises a good harvest. 瑞雪兆丰年。 get in the harvest 收割庄稼 10.hatev. 讨厌,憎恨 hate to do/doing I hate it when people cry. 11. havev.
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have (got) to 必须,不得不 have ... on 穿着(表状态,无进行时态) He had a red jacket on. have sth done 使某事被做 Is this the watch you have repaired? She had her bag stolen. have sb do 让某人去做某事 Who do you have type the letter? have something/nothing to do with… 与......有/没有关系
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have sb doing… 使某人一直做某事(与 cannot/won’t 连 用表示不能容忍…...)
I have my students listening attentively. 我使学生们听得入 神。
I can’t have people arriving late all the time. 我不能忍受 人们总是迟到。
12. head n.头,头脑,首领 v. 前往
use your head 动动脑筋
hold one’s head high 趾高气扬
from head to foot/ toe 从头到脚
hit sb. on the head 击中某人的头
head for sp.前往某地
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13. healthn. 健康 healthy adj. 健康的 in good/bad health keep healthy healthy diet 14. hearv. 听到,听说 hear about/of 听说 hear from 收到某人的来信 hear sb. do/doing 听到某人做了某事/听到某人正在做某事 15. heartn. 心,心脏,感情,要点 learn sth. by heart 记住
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lose heart 灰心,泄气 lose one’s heart to sb.倾心于某人 heart and soul 全心全意 from the bottom of one’s heart 由衷的 16. heavyadj. 重的,繁忙的,大量的,密集的 heavilyadv. 密集地,大量地,笨重地,激烈的 a heavy smoker 烟瘾极大的人 heavy rain/traffic 大雨/交通繁忙 rain heavily 17. heightn.高度,高地
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at a height of 30,000 meters It’s about 2 meters high/ in height. 18. helpn./v. 帮助,促进 help sb. (to) do/with sth. help sb out of 帮助某人摆脱...… can’t help doing 禁不住做...… can not help but do 不得不做某事 help oneself to sth. 随便用…... with one’s help 在某人的帮助下 19. helpful adj. 有帮助的,有益的
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be very helpful = be of great help 有很大帮助的 20. hesitatevt.犹豫 hesitationn. hesitate to do sth without hesitation 毫不犹豫地 21.highadj. 高的,高级的 adv.高高地 at a high/low price in a high voice in high spirits 情绪高涨的
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high adv.与 highly 的区别:high 表示具体的含义 “高高 地” fly high in the sky jump high highly 表示的是抽象的含义 “高度地” a highly developed country 一个高度发达的国家 think/speak highly of 高度评价...... 22. historyn. 历史,历史学,经历 in history 在历史上 the history of America 美国的历史
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have a long history have a history of… make history 创造历史 23. hit (hit , hit) v.撞 击打;袭击;突然想起 n.受欢迎的/引起 轰动的人或物 hit sb. on the head An earthquake hit there. An idea hit/strike/occur to me. 我突然想到一个主意。It suddenly hit me that… 我突然想到...... He is a real hit. 他是个受欢迎的人。 a hit song 风行一时的歌曲
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24. hold(held,held)n.握住,保留,控制 v. 握住,保留, 扣留,容纳
hold on 别挂断;稍等; 坚持住,挺住
hold up 支撑; 延误,耽搁;抢劫;举出例子,提出…...作为榜 样
An accident is holding up traffic.
She’s always holding up her children as models of good behavior.
hold on to 抓住不放; 保住…不出卖
hold back 拦阻;向某人隐瞒(from sb.);抑制,控制
She managed to hold back her anger/ tears.
hold out 坚持,维持;伸出手,递出东西; hold out my hands
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hold a meeting 举行会议 hold one’s breath 屏住呼吸 hold office/the position 任职 hold sb. prisoner 监禁某人 hold one’s head high 趾高气扬 hold together (使…...)团结一致 The plane holds about 300 passengers. catch/get/take hold of 抓住,拿着 25. honor n.荣誉,光荣 v. 尊敬,给......以荣誉 in honor of 为了纪念,向某人表达敬意
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It’s an honor for sb. to do sth. honor sb.给某人荣耀 The president honored us with a personal visit. sb. be honored…某人对......感到荣幸 I was honored to have been mentioned in his speech. 26. hope n./v. 希望,期待 in (the) hope of…/that clause. 抱着…...的希望 He went abroad in the hope of earning a lot of money. hope to do sth. I hope so./I hope not.
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hope for… 期待着… Hope for the best, prepare for the worst I hope that you are well. I wish that I were a bird. 27. host v. 主持,主办,款待,当主人 n. 主人,主持人 the host of the TV show host the party/meeting/Olympic games 28.hostess v. 做东,请客 n. 女主人,女主持人 29.hug(hugged,hugged) v. 拥抱,紧抱,有一段距离紧 挨某物
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They put their arms around each other and hugged. The track hugs the coast for a mile. n. He stopped to receive hugs and kisses from the fans. He gave her mother a big hug. 30. humor n. 幽默 v. 迎合,迁就 humourous adj. 幽默的 I can’t stand people with no sense of humor. They failed to see the humor of the situation.
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she thought it best to humor him rather than get into an argument. 31. hunt v. 打猎,猎杀,搜索,寻找 Lions sometimes hunt alone. Whales are being hunted and killed. She is hunting for a new job. Police are hunting for an escaped criminal. hunt sb down 跟踪某人 hunt out 找出 32. hurry v./n. 匆忙,急忙
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hurry sb up 催促某人 hurry up 快点,赶快 in a hurry 赶快 33. hurtvi./vt. 使受伤,疼 hurt one’s feelings hurt one’s leg be badly hurt My leg hurts. Where does it hurt? 哪疼?
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3500 单词不难记:高考英语高频词记忆方法:单词+词组+句型 (I—K)

天津一中梁耀兴 阅读数:39 I—K

2016-02-22 21:58:50

1. idean. 想法,主意,概念

have some/no idea + 从句/of …

I have no idea why she left.

I have no idea of his address.

2. identityn. 身份,一致

The police are trying to discover the identity of the killer.

The thief used a false identity.

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identity card=ID card 身份证 4.illadj. 生病的,坏的,邪恶的 ① ill 与 sick 的区别 ill 当生病讲时只做表语,sick 当生病讲时可做表语也可作定语。 He was ill/sick. a sick mother have a bad/an ill effect on 对...…影响不好 speak/think ill of sb. 说某人的坏话 5. illegal adj. 非法的,违法的 It is illegal to drive through a red light.
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illegally adv. He entered the country illegally. 6. imaginev.想象 imagine sth./doing sth. I can’t imagine life without the children now. I can’t imagine his becoming a teacher. 7. immediatelyadv. 立刻,立即,直接地 He answered almost immediately. Turn right immediately after the church. conj. 一......就......
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Immediately he had gone,I remembered his name.他一 走,我就想起了他的名字。 immediateadj. 立刻的,立即的,直接的 an immediate reaction/response 直接的反应 take immediate action 立即采取行动 8. importn./v.进口,输入 the import of electrical goods 电器的进口 All the meat is imported from France. 9. impressionn. 印象 ① get a good/bad impression of sb
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a general/an overall impression 总体印象 ② My words made no impression on her. 我的话没有给她 留下印象。 His trip to India makes a strong impression on him. ③ be under the impression that 觉得,认为 I was under the impression that the work had already been completed. 10.impressv.给......留下印象 impress sb with sth/sb 使某人对...留下印象 He impressed us with his sincerity(真诚). impress sth on/upon sb
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He impressed on us the need for immediate action. impress sth itself on/upon sth Her words impressed themselves on my memory. 11. inprep.在......之内,时髦的,从事,按照 in a word 话说 in all 总共 in modern times be measured in tons 用吨来衡量 in that… 因为...... She was lucky in that she had friends to help her .
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in the eighteenth century/in the1990s in one’s twenties in pencil/ English/ ink 用铅笔/英语/墨水 pay sth in cash 用现金支付 The wall is 3meters in height/high. The rope(绳子) is 3 meters in length/long. 12. include v. 包含,包括 Everyone laughed, including me. (me included.) 13. increasev./n. 增加 increase to/by 增加到/了
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Great demands lead to a large increase in supply.
14. increasingly adv 越来越多地,不断增加地
increasingly difficult/important/popular 越来越难/重要的/ 流行的
15. indicatev. 表明,暗示,指出
A red sky at night often indicated fine weather the next day.
In his letter, he indicated to us that he was willing to cooperate(合作).
indicationn.
indication of sth/doing sth
They gave no indication of how the work should be done. 他没有指出这项工作该如何做。
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16. industryn. 工业,产业 industrial adj. 工业的,产业的 heavy/light industry 17. influence n./v. 影响 have a strong influence on/upon sb/sth have influence over sb/sth 有左右某人的能力 His parents no longer have any influence over her. under the influence of sb/sth 在......的影响下 He committed the crime under the influence of the drugs. 在毒品的影响下,他犯了罪。
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Those friends are a bad influence on her. His writings have influenced the lives of millions. 18. informv.告知,通知 inform sb. of/that 告知某人...... We regret to inform you that your application has been rejected. keep sb. informed of 使某人得知...... make informed decision 做知情决策 19. injure v. 伤害,损害 He injured his knee playing football. 踢足球的时候,他伤了 他的膝盖。
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This could seriously injure the company’s reputation(名 誉,荣誉).
injury n.
There were no injuries in the crash(坠毁).
The players are out of the team because of injury. 这些运 动员因为受伤退出了球队。
20. insertv. 插入,嵌入
insert sth in/into/between sth
They insert a tube(管子)in his mouth to help him breathe.
21. insistv. 坚持
The man insisted that he hadn’t stolen anything and that he (should) be set free.
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insist on doing sth. 22. inspectv. 检查,视察 inspectionn. inspectorn. The teacher walked around inspecting their work. 23. instantn.瞬间,立刻,片刻 adj.立刻的 conj. 一......就...... instantly adv. 立即地,立刻地 The show was an instant success. instant coffee/noodles 速溶咖啡/方便面 I will be back in an instant.
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At the very instant, the door opened. I recognized her the instant I saw her. 24. insteadadv. 代替,相反 Lee was ill, so I went instead. He didn’t reply. Instead, he left. instead of 代替,而不是 Now I can walk to work instead of going by car. 25. instructv.指导,教授,命令 instruct sb to do She arrived at 10 o’ clock as instructed.
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The letter instructed him to report to headquarters(总部) immediately. instructionn. follow one’s instructions carry out/ignore one’s instructs 26. insurevt. 确保,给......保险 Have you insured the contents of your home? 27. intendv.想要,打算 intend (sb.)to do I intend to spend the night there.
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intend that It is intended that these meetings will become a regular event. be intended for sb./sth 专门为......准备/设计 The book, intended for children aged 5-7,sells well. 28. intentionn. 意图,目的,意向 intention of doing sth/to do sth I have no intention of going to the wedding. I had every intention of paying her back what I owe her. She is full of good intentions. He left England with the intention of traveling in Africa.
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29. interest n.兴趣,利息,利益 v. 使......感兴趣 interest sb. I bought the book that interested me most. show/have/feel/express (an) interest in… lose interest in… I watched the game with interest. 利益(C) 常用复数形式 protect customers’ interests a place of interest/places of interest 名胜古迹 30. interpretern. 口译者,解释者 interpretv. 口译,解释
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interpret the poem interpret sth as sth I didn’t know whether to interpret her silence as acceptance or refusal. interpret for sb 31. interviewv./n. 面试,采访 a television/newspaper/radio interview Which post are you being interviewed for? If you don’t interview well ,you are unlikely to get the job intervieween. 被采访者,被面试者
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interviewern. 采访者,面试者 32. introducev. 介绍,引进 introduction n. introduce sb. to sb./oneself introduce sb. to sth. It was she who first introduced me to the pleasures of sailing. introduce new technology an introduction to English grammar 33. jam n. 堵塞,困境,果酱
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traffic jam 34. the Japanese language 35. join v. 加入,参加,连接 join the party/army join sb. in sth./doing sth. join in the game join hands with sb. join A to B./join A and B The island is joined to the mainland by a bridge. 36.joken. 玩笑,笑话
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play a joke on sb. 开某人的玩笑 have/make a joke with sb. 和某人开玩笑 37. joy n. 快乐,高兴 (much) to one’s joy light up with joy 充满快乐 38. judgen. 裁判;法官 v. 判断,审判 The judge sentenced him to five years in prison. 1Don’t judge a book by its cover. 不要以貌取人 judge by/from 通过......来判断 Judging by his letter, they are having a wonderful time.
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judgementn. 判决 pass judgement on sb sth 通过对…...的判决 39. keep v. keep (on)doing 一直做…... Why do you keep laughing all the time? 你为什么一直在 笑? He is always keeping (on ) asking me the same question. keep a secret 保守秘密 keep one’s word 遵守诺言 keep a record 保持记录
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keep sb/sth from doing 阻止某人做某事 keep the door open keep her waiting keep sb. informed of… keep calm/healthy keep up with 跟上 keep up (天气)持续不变 The rain kept up all afternoon. keep back keep sth back from sb. 向某人隐瞒
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keep away from 远离 keep off 不接触 Keep off grass! 40. key n. 答案,关键,琴键 the key to success 成功的关键 41.kind adj . 善良的,友好的 n.种类 be kind to sb.对某人友好的 a kind of all kinds of kind of 稍微,有点儿
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That made me feel kind of stupid. 42. knee n.膝盖 get down on one’s knees 跪着 43. knockv./n. 敲,批评 knock at the door 敲门 knock around/about 漫游/虐待 knock down 撞到/拆掉 knock over 撞翻 44.knowv. know of/about 知道,获悉,了解
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beknown for/as get to know sb. 逐渐了解...… 45.knowledge n.知识 Knowledge is power. have a good knowledge of…

3500 单词不难记:高考高频词汇记忆方法:单词+词组+句型(L)

天津一中梁耀兴 阅读数:36 L

2016-02-23 19:14:18

1. lackv.缺乏,不足,需要

lack (for)缺少...
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He never lacks for money or friends.他从来不缺钱或朋友。 a lack of money 缺钱 for lack of … 因为缺乏…... be lacking in 缺乏...… 2. lastadj.最后的,最近的,最不可能......的 adv.最后地,最近, 最后一点 n.最后,上个 v.持续 the last person/thing 最不可能的、最想不到的人/事 He’s the last person I’d trust. 他是我最不愿相信的人。 last but not (the) least 最后但是同样重要的是 He was the last to arrive.
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The war lasted (for) 3 years. 战争持续了三年。 3. lateadj. 迟的,晚的,已故的,最近的 adv.晚,迟,最近 be late for… in the late 1970s get up late late in the afternoon 傍晚 better late than never 迟到总比不到好 It’s never too late to mend. 亡羊补牢。 of late = lately/recently 最近,近来 I haven’t seen him of late.
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4. lately = recently 最近,近来 5. lateradj. 更迟的 adv. 后来,稍后 sooner or later 迟早 no later than… 不迟于...... later on 后来 Much later on, she realizes what he had meant. 许久之 后,她才意识到他的原本意思。 6. laughv./n. 笑 laugh at…嘲笑,因......笑 laugh your head off 大笑不止
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burst out laughing=burst into laughter 突然笑起来 7. lawn.法律,规律 break/obey/keep the law 违反/遵守法律 by law 依据法律 8. lay(laid,laid)v.放置,产卵 lay the table 放桌子 lay eggs 下蛋 lay aside 把…...放在一边 lay down 放下 lay off 解雇(laid-off 下岗的)
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9.lead(led,led)v.领导,导致 adj.带头的,最重要的 lead a happy life 过幸福的生活 lead to sth./doing 导致...... 10. learn(learnt,learnt)v.学习,认识到,得知 learn from 从…...中学习,向…...学习 learn about/of 听说 得知 learn… by heart 记住...... 11. leastadj. 最小的,最少的 adv.最小,最少 n. 最小,最 少 at (the) least 至少 not in the least 一点儿也不,绝不
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She didn’t have the least idea what to do about it. 12. leavev.离开,使/让,留下,落下 n. 休假 leave sp. for sp 离开某地去某地 leave the door open leave her waiting for 2 hours leave him out leave him an orphan 使他成为孤儿 leave the key on the bus 把钥匙落在公共汽车上 leave out 遗漏 leave...behind 把…丢在后边
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leave alone 不打扰,不碰 leave off 不包括,不把…列入 ask for a two-week leave 请两周的假 13. lecturen. 讲座,演讲 v.讲演,讲课 attend a lecture 听讲座 give/deliver a lecture to sb. on… 给某人做关于......的演讲/ 讲座 14. leftadj.左边的,剩下的 adv.在左边 n.左边 make a left turn 左转弯 turn left/turn to the left 向左拐
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the money left=the remaining money 剩下的钱 15. lend v. 借出,贷款 lend a hand to sb.=lend sb. a hand 帮助某人 16. length n.长度 The road was 32 miles in length/long. at length 最后,终于/详细地 17. less adj.较少的,较小的 adv. 较少地,较小地 n.较少,较 小 less than… 少于/小于...... no less than… 不少于/多达......
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more or less 或多或少 even/ much/still less 更不用说 No explanation was offered, still less an apology. 没有提 供解释,更不用说道歉了。 18. lesson n. 教训,课 take/have lessons 上课 give lessons 授课 teach/give sb. a lesson 给某人一个教训 draw/take a lesson from … 从…...中吸取教训 19. let(let,let)v.让,允许
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let sb. in/out let sb(sth.) go let go of sb(sth.) 放手/放弃...... let... alone 不打扰/不碰/更不用说...... let out 发出(叫声) let off 使...…爆炸 let sb. down 使某人失望 20. lie vt./n. 说谎 (lied,lied,lying) lie to sb 对某人说谎
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tell a lie/tell lies 说谎 vi.平躺/位于/存在 (lay,lain,lying) The book lay open on the desk. lie in 在于… Success lies in hard work. 成功在于勤奋。 21. life n.生命,生活 adj.终身的,一生的,生命的 ①生命 (pl. lives) lose/save one’s life lay down one’s life for sb. 为…...牺牲生命 ②生活 everyday life 日常生活 live/lead a …life
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③bring…back to life 使......重生 come back to life 变得活跃,苏醒过来 22.lift n. 举起,起重机,电梯,搭车 n. 举起,提升 take the lift 乘电梯 give sb. a lift 让某人搭便车 Passing the exam gave him a real lift. 他通过了考试,情绪 好多了。 lift one’s eyes 抬起眼睛 He stood there with his hands lifted above his head. 他站 在那里,双手举过头顶。 The news lifted our spirits. 这个消息让我们提起了精神。
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23. light n. 光,灯 adj. 轻的,光亮的,浅的 v. 照亮,点燃 by the light of the moon throw light on/upon 把..…阐述清楚 turn on/off the lights 开/关灯 The light went out. 灯熄灭了。 a light classroom 明亮的教室 light blue eyes 浅蓝色的眼睛 as light as a feather 像羽毛一样轻 a light sleep 浅浅的睡眠 a sound sleep 酣睡
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light a candle 点燃蜡烛 a lighted candle 一根点燃的蜡烛 light up 点亮,照亮 24. like vt.喜欢,想 prep.像 n.爱好,同样的人或物 conj.好像 I like it when you do that. would like (sb.) to do How do you like(find) … What do you think of/about… feel like doing 想要做某事 25. likely adj.很可能的 adv.很可能
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be likely to do/that Tickets are likely to be expensive. It is more than likely that the thieves don’t know how much it is worth. 很有可能这些贼不知道它价值多少。 a likely story 可能是真实的故事 26. limit n. 界限,限度 vt. 限制 limit to… 限于...... without limit 无限地 There is a limit to the amount of pain I can bear. 我能够忍 受的痛苦是有限度的。 limit sb. to sth/doing sth 限制某人做某事
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My parents limit my pocket money to 300 yuan. 我父母把 我的零花钱限制到了 300 元。 27. linen. 线,路线,排,绳 lines 台词 on line 在线的,上网的 drop sb a line 给...…写封短信 The line is busy. 电话占线。 Hold the line, please. 别挂电话。 28. linkn.联系,关系,环节 v.联系,连接 There may be a link between the 2 murders.在两起谋杀之 间可能有某种联系。
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establish trade links with Asia 建立与亚洲的贸易联系 a video/satellite link 一个视频/卫星连接 a link in the chain 链中的一环 link A to/with B The video cameras are linked to a powerful computer. The English Tunnel links Britain with the rest of Europe. The 2 factors(因素)are directly linked. Exposure to ultraviolet (紫外线) light is closely linked to skin cancer(皮肤癌). link up (with sb/sth)
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The bands have linked up for a charity concert. 29. list n.清单,目录 v.列出 make a list of… 列一个…...的清单 list our ten favorite songs 30. litter n.垃圾,一窝(动物的幼崽)v.乱丢,把......弄得乱七 八糟 There will be fines to people who drop litter. Piles of books and newspapers littered the floor. 成堆的书 报把地板弄得乱七八糟。 Broken glass littered the street. be littered with sth
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Your article is littered with spelling mistakes. 31. little(less,least)adj.小的,很少的 adv.完全地 not a little 非常 more than a little 非常 She felt tired and more than a little worried. Little did I know about him. 我一点也不了解他。 32. live ①v. 居住,生活 /liv/ live/lead a … life live on 以…...为食,靠......生活
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live by doing 靠做…为生 live life to the fullest 充实地生活 live up to 符合,不辜负 live with 与...住在一起;忍受 live through 经历过…而活着 ②adj./adv./laiv/ 活着的,现场直播的 a live fish a live football match broadcast live 现场直播 33. loadn.装载量,工作量,负担 v.装载,使负担
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bear the load of bringing up her family alone 承受独自养 家的负担 load a truck with apples a car loaded with goods 一辆装载货物的汽车 34. longadj.长的 adv.长期地 v.渴望 long before 很久以前 He had left long before I arrived here. before long 不久以后 We’ll come back before long. in the long run 从长远看
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no longer=not any longer 不再 as long as 只要 So long.= Byebye. 再见 long for 渴望...... long to do sth 渴望做某事 Lucy has longed for a brother. I‘m longing to see you again. 35. lookn.看,样子,表情 v.看,看上去,期待 have/take a close look at 凑近看...... He didn’t like the look in her eyes.
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You made me look a complete fool. look like 看上去像...... That looks like an interesting book. look as if 看上去像...... It looks as if it is going to rain. look yourself 常用于否定句,“气色不像往常好” You’re not looking yourself today. 其它短语: look one’s age 看上去容貌和年龄相称 look after
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look around 四处看 look back on 回顾 look down upon/on 轻视,看不起 look forward to 期望...... look into 往里看,调查 look out 小心 look through 浏览 look up 仰望,查阅,尊敬 36. looseadj.松散的,宽松的,散漫的,不牢固的 adv.松散地
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The potatoes were sold loose not in bags. 这些土豆是散卖 的,没有袋装。 a loose shirt 一件宽松的衬衫 loose soil 疏松的土壤 let her hair loose 使她的头发松散 37. lose(lost,lost) v. 丢失,失去,输掉,(钟表)走慢 be lost/gone/missing 丢失的 a lost/missing boy 一个失踪的男孩 lose the game 输了比赛 lose weight 减轻体重
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lose one’s way 迷路 lose oneself in 沉浸于/陶醉于...... be lost in 埋头于......,迷失在......中 Lost in thought, he didn’t notice me. 沉浸在思考中,他没 有注意到我。 This clock loses/gains(走快)two minutes a day. loss n.遗失,失败,损失 be at a loss 不知所措 suffer much/great loss 遭受很大的损失 The loss of his only son made him sad. 失去唯一的儿子使他 非常悲痛。
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38. lotn.许多,份额,命运,一块地 adv.很,非常 a lot of = lots of 许多......,修饰可数或不可数名词均可 parking lot 停车场 a lotadv. 很,非常 (可修饰比较级) Thanks a lot I’m feeling a lot better now. 39. loud 区分 loud/aloud/loudly loudadj.大声的 adv.大声地 in a loud voice
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To make us hear more clearly, the teacher spoke louder. aloudadv.大声地,出生地 Read aloud. Don’t read it silently. loudly adv.大声地,响亮地 She screamed as loudly as she could. 40. luckyadj.幸运的,侥幸的 be lucky to do/(for sb)that He is lucky to be alive. She was lucky enough to be chosen for the team.
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You were lucky that you spotted(认出,发现)the danger in time.
It was lucky for us that we were able to go.
Lucky you .你真走运。
3500 单词不难记:高考高频词会记忆方法:单词+词组+句型(M) 天津一中梁耀兴 2016-02-24 20:24:34
阅读数:26 1. madadj. 发疯的;生气的
drive sb. mad/crazy
go mad/crazy
be mad at/with sb. about … 关于某事生某人的气
2. mail n./ vt. 邮寄,邮件
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send a letter by mail/post mail sth to sb/mail sb sth 给某人邮寄某物 3. main adj. 主要的 mainly adv. 主要地 the main road/course 主路/主要课程 4. major ① adj. 较大的,主要的 a major road ② n.主修课程;专业,主修某专业的学生 When I was at university, English was my major(专业). In other words, I was an English major.
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③ vi. 主修 I majored in English. 5. majority n.大多数 the/a majority of The/A majority of people interviewed prefer TV to radio. 大多数被采访的人比起收音机来更喜欢电视。 6. make v. 制造,做,使 link-v.成为 make sth. into… 把…...制成...… make sth. (out) of 用......制作......(看的出原材料) be made of make sth. from 用......制作......(看不出原材料)
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be made from make coffee/tea 煮咖啡/沏茶 make the bed 铺床 make yourself heard/understood (使你自己被听到/理解) make sb do sth sb be made to do She made him her assistant(助理,助手). She will make(成为) a good mother. This room would make(成为)a nice office. make money 挣钱
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make a living 谋生
make it 获得成功;准时到达
He will never really make it as an actor. 作为演员他永远不 会真正的成功.
The doctors think he’s going to make it.医生们认为他能挺 过去.
I’m sorry I won’t be able to make it on Sunday. 很抱歉, 星期天我不能到场.
make the most of… 充分利用......
make out 辨别清楚; 理解,明白
I could just made out a figure(人物)in the darkness. I can’t make out what she wants.
make up 组成; 编造; 补上(for);化妆; 和好
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Can I leave early this afternoon and make up the time tomorrow? 我今天下午早点儿走,明天补上这段时间,可以吗?
Has he made up with her yet? 他跟她和好了吗?
7.manage v. 经营,管理;设法完成
management n.
manager n.经理
manage to do = succeed in doing 设法做成某事(强调结 果)
8. manner n.方式,方法;态度;举止礼貌,礼仪 (常用复数 形式)
in a friendly manner 用友好的态度
table manners 餐桌礼仪
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It’s good/bad manners to do sth. 做某事有礼貌/没礼貌。 9.marchvt./vi./n. 行军,行进 march on Washington DC 向华盛顿进军 on the march 在行军中 10. mark ① v. 标记; 打分,评成绩; 纪念, 庆贺, 标志着 the goods marked with prices 标记价格的货物 I hate marking exam papers. 我讨厌给试卷打分。 a ceremony to mark the 60th anniversary of the foundation of China 庆贺中国成立六十周年的一个仪式
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His death marked(标志着)the end of an era(时代). ② n. 成绩,分数;记号 get a low/high mark get full marks make a mark 做标记 11. marry v.嫁,娶,使结婚 v.结婚 marry sb 娶/嫁给某人 marry sb. to sb 把某人嫁给某人 get/be married to sb 与某人结婚 married adj. 已婚的
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12. mass n. 团,块,大量 a mass of 一块/一大堆...... masses of 大量的 the masses 群众,大量 a mass of cloud 一朵云彩 masses of clouds 朵朵云彩 13. master ① n. 主人;能手; 硕士 the master of one’s own future 自己未来的主人 get one’s master’s degree
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② vt. 精通,掌握,控制 master a foreign language master her temper(脾气) 14. match ① n.比赛;火柴;匹敌的人,对手;匹配的人/物 strike a match 划火柴 a box of matches 一盒火柴 I was no match for him at tennis. 打网球我不是他的对手。 I’m his match at tennis. 打网球我跟他难分伯仲
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The curtains and carpet are a good match.窗帘和地毯非 常相配。 ② vt.配对,匹配;匹敌 match A with B No one can match him in maths. 15. material n. 材料,布料 a piece of material 一块布料 reading/building materials 阅读/建筑材料 16. matter ① v. 要紧,有关系
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It is the ability to do the job that matters not where you come from or what you are.
The children matter more to her than anything else in the world.
② 物质 (U),问题,毛病 情况,事态,关键;关乎...…的事情
Air is matter.
What’s the matter with…
to make matters worse=what’s worse worse still. 更糟糕 的是
It’s a matter of money.
as a matter of fact 事实上
17. mean
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① adj. 小气的,刻薄的 be mean with money 花钱吝啬 be mean to sb 对某人刻薄 ②vt.打算,意欲 mean to do mean sb to do be meant to do/for His mother meant him to be an engineer. The chairs are meant for guests. ③ 意味着,意思是…...
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mean (doing) sth Money means nothing for him. What do you mean by that? 你说那个是什么意思? 18. meanwhile ① adv. 同时=at the same time ② n.in the meanwhile 同时 19. measure 1) vt. 测量; 有…长/宽 He has gone to be measured for a new suit. The main bedroom measures 12m by 15m.
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The main bedroom measuring 12m by 15m is mine. ② n. 尺寸;措施 make sth to one’s measure 量体裁衣; take measures to do… 采取措施做某事 20. medicine n.药,医学 take/ have some medicine practice medicine 行医 have a medical examination Good medicine is better in the mouth.良药苦口。 21.meet
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① n. 体育比赛 a sports meet ② v. 相遇;连接;会面;迎接;相汇;满足 That’s where the river meets the sea. meet one’s needs/demands meet with sb 与某人相遇 make ends meet 收支相抵 22. memoryn.记忆力,回忆,纪念 have a good /bad memory in memory of… 为了纪念...... bring back my childhood memories
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23.mention v.提到,谈到 Don’t mention it. not to mention… 更不用说...... 24. mercyn.怜悯,宽恕 throw oneself on one’s mercy 请求某人的宽恕 show mercy to sb/have mercy to sb 对某人怜悯 at the mercy of 在…...掌握中;任...…摆布 25. merely=onlyadv. 仅仅,只不过 26. mess n.混乱;脏乱的东西;困境 v.弄乱;弄脏 messyadj.凌乱的;散乱的;肮脏的
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The room was in a mess. The kids made a mess in the kitchen. There’s a mess of fish down there.= a lot of You are messing my hair.(弄乱) The divorce was painful and messy.(纠结不清) 27. message n.消息,口信,要旨,明白,理解 I left a message on your answering phone. Jenny isn’t here at the moment. Can I take a message ?What’s the message of the film? When he started looking at his watch, I got the message and left.
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He can’t get his message across. 28. methodn.方法 with the method=in this way=by the means 用这种方法 29. mind n./v.理智;智力;精神;介意 make up one’s mind to do… 下定决心做...... change one’s mind 改变主意 Out of sight, out of mind.眼不见,心不烦。 keep/bear…in mind=remember...记住...... have…on one’s mind 担心,挂念 have… in mind sth. come/spring to mind 突然想起
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mind doing…介意做某事 Mind your steps!= watch=be careful of…当心,注意 Mind your own business! 别管闲事 Never mind. 没关系,无所谓 —Do you mind if I do…/Would you mind if I did…? 你介 意我......吗? —Yes, but I do/you’d better not. —No, of course not/not at all. 30. mirrorn.镜子 look into the mirror 照镜子
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Dickens’s novels are a mirror of his times. 31. miss v./n. 错过, 想念 She threw a plate at him and only narrowly missed. My mind wasn’t on what he was doing, so I’m afraid I missed half of it. The hotel is the only white building on the road—you can’t miss it. miss the point 不懂 miss doing…= avoid sth. unpleasant 避开(坏事) The gun fired but the bird missed being killed. be missing/gone/lostadj. 找不见的,失踪的
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32.mistake (mistook, mistaken)n./v. 错误,犯错 make a mistake 犯错误 mistake A for B 误将 A 当成 B by mistake 错误地 33. mixv./n. 混合 mixturen.混合,混合物 mix up 弄错,弄乱 mixed feelings 混杂的感受 mixed doubles 混合双打 34. momentn. 时刻,片刻
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One moment, please.请稍候。 at the(very) moment=now/then 现在,那时(正) for the moment/present 目前,暂时 for a moment/a few moments 一会儿 the moment=as soon as=immediately=directly 一…... 就...… 35. more,most more or less 或多或少,几乎 at (the) most 至多,不超过 what’s more=besides=in addition=moreover 此外还有,更 为重要的是
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36. mournvt/vi 哀痛;哀悼

He was still mourning his brother’s death.

Today, we mourn for those who lost their lives in the two world wars.

37. mustn. 必须的事 aux. 必须,一定

A knowledge of English is a must in international trade and meetings.

3500 单词不难记:高考英语高频词汇记忆方法:单词+词组+句 型(N—O)

天津一中梁耀兴 阅读数:20 N

2016-02-25 19:56:47

1.namen.名字,名誉 v.命名,任命

enjoy a good name 享有盛名
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by the name of=named…名叫...…的 in God’s/Heaven’s name=in the name of God/Heaven 看在上帝的份上 in the name of… 以......的名义,看在......的份上 be named after 以......名字命名 a boy named…/naming himself…一个名叫......的男 孩 namely =that is…即,也就是说…... 2.narrowadj.狭窄的,勉强的 v.(使)变窄 narrowlyadv.狭窄地,勉强地,仔细地 a narrow victory 险胜
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She has a very narrow view of the world. 她有着狭隘的世 界观。 She escaped injury narrowly. 她差点受伤。 in the narrow/broad sense 狭义上/广义上讲 3. native adj.本国的,当地的 n. 当地人;土产 my native language-mother tongue 我的母语 a native of London 伦敦当地人 4.nearly/almostadv. 几乎,差不多 I have worked here for nearly 10 years. almost everyone 几乎所有人
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not nearly=much less than=not at all=far from 远非,绝不 是 There isn’t nearly enough time to get there now. 5. necessary adj. 必要的,必须的,必然的 n.必需品 It is necessary for sb. to do sth. If (it is) necessary, you can call on me. It is necessary that …(should)… 6. neck n.脖子,衣领 neck and neck 并驾齐驱,不分上下 a round-necked sweater 一件圆领毛衣
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7. needv./n. 需要
They badly need a change.
There is no need for sb. to do sth.=sb have no need to do sth.某人没有必要做某事。
There is no need for you to get up early tomorrow.你明天 没有必要早起。
I have no need to open the letter.我没有必要打开这封信。
in need of 需要......
if need be=if necessary 如果有必要/需要
There is always food in the freezer if need be. 如有需要,冰 箱里总会有事物。
I am in need of some fresh air. 我需要一些新鲜的空气。
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8. neither conj.也不 pron.两者都不 adj./adv.两者之中其中 任何一者都不的/地
They produced two reports, neither of which contained any useful suggestions. 他们制作了两份报告,其中没有一份 包含任何有用的建议。
neither…nor… 既不...…也不...…
either…or…或...…或...…
9. noisen.噪音
noisy adj.喧闹的,吵闹的
We had to shout above the noise of traffic.我们不得不高于 交通噪音大声喊。
voice n. 嗓音
in a low/high voice 高声地/低声的
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She has a good voice.她有好嗓音。 soundn.自然界的各种声音 Light travels much faster than sound.光传播的比声快。 10.normaladj. 正常的 n. 正常 normallyadv. It’s normal to feel tired after such a long trip. normal temperature 正常温度 return to normal=get back to normal 恢复正常 common adj.常见的,共同的 a common mistake 常见错误
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common sense 常识 common practice 习惯做法 ordinary 普通的(average) ordinary-looking 相貌平平的 usual adj.通常的 as usual 和往常一样 than usual 比往常更...... 11. nose n. 鼻子 a running/runny nose 流鼻涕的鼻子 12. nothingpron. 没有什么
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for nothing=for free 免费的 have nothing to do with 与…...无关 nothing but=just 仅仅,只不过 I want nothing but the best for my children. anything but 绝不 The hotel was anything but cheap. There is nothing to it.=It’s very easy. 很容易。 13. noticen.注意,通知 v.注意到 take notice of=pay attention to 注意...... Don’t take any notice of what you read in the papers.
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come to my notice 我注意到 put up a notice 公告,通知 The bar is closed until further notice. 酒吧关闭,(开业)另 行通知。 notice sb/sth. do/doing/done 注意到某人做了/正在做某事 14. now (that) =since 既然 Now that the guests left ,we’ve got a lot of extra space. 既然客人走了,我们有了很多额外的空间。 (every) now and then/again=from time to time 不时地 It is now or never. 机不可失。 15. nowhere adv.无处,任何地方都不 n.无处
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go/get no where 毫无进展
The discussion got nowhere this morning.今天早晨,讨论毫 无进展。
nowhere to be found/seen/in sight 找不到
My ticket is nowhere to be found.
Nowhere in the world other than Britain can you experience four seasons in a single day. 在世界上,除了英 国,在任何地方你都不能在一天中经历四季。
O
1. object n. 物品,目标,宾语 v.拒绝
everyday objects 日常物品
her object in life=aim 目标
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object to n./doing…反对/不同意...... Many local people objected to building the new airport. 当地很多人反对修建新机场。 objective adj. 客观的 2. observev.观察,遵守 observe sb do sth 观察某人做某事 observe sb doing sth 观察某人正在做某事 observe sth done 观察某事被做 observe the law 遵守法律 3. obtain vt/vi 获得;得到;存在
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① obtain advice/information/permission(许可) ② These customs no longer obtain. 这些习俗不再存在了。 4. occupyv.占据;占领;居住;使忙碌 The house is occupied. 这座房子有人住。 The bathroom is occupied. 浴室有人用。 The dinner occupied 2 hours. 晚餐占用了两个小时。 Many anxieties occupied his mind.他非常焦虑。 occupy oneself with sth/in doing sth 某人忙于某事 5. occur (occurred, occurred) vi.发生,突然想到
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When exactly did the accident occur? 事故发生的确切时 间是什么时候?
sth occurred to/hit/struck sb. 某人突然想到......
The idea occurred to him in a dream. 在梦里,他想到这个 主意。
It occurred to me that I had left my keys in the room.我突 然想到我把钥匙落在房间里了。
It didn’t occur to her to ask for help. 她没有想到要寻求帮 助。
6. offer v.提供,主动提出,出价 n.提供,提议,出价,录取通 知书
He offered 5000 dollars for the car. 这辆汽车他出价 5000 美 元。
offer sb. sth./sth. to sb. 提供某人某物
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offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事 supply sb. with sth.=supply sth. to sb. 提供某人某物 provide sb. with sth.=provide sth. for sb. 提供某人某物 Thanks for your kind offer of help. 感谢你提供好心的帮助。 7. office n. 办公室,办公楼 officer n. 警官,军官 office building/block 办公大楼 hold office 占据要职 in office/out of office 任职/离职 The present government took office in 1997. 开始执政
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8. officialadj. 官方的,正式的 n. 高级官员 the official language 官方语言 an official affair 公务 9. onceadv. 一次 conj. 一旦 all at once=suddenly 突然 at once 立即 (just) for once/just this once 仅此一次 Once bitten, twice shy. 一朝被蛇咬,十年怕井绳。 once more=once again 再一次 once upon a time 从前,很久以前
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(every) once in a while 偶尔,间或 10. one n./pron. 一个人/物 num.一,一个 one by one 逐个的 one after another 一个接一个 one another 相互 11. oneself pron.自己 of oneself 自动地 for oneself 亲自 (all) by oneself 单独,独自 talk to oneself=think aloud 自言自语
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enjoy oneself 玩得开心 I am not myself today. 我今天身体不舒服。 Help yourself to some fish. 随便吃些鱼。 12. onlyadv./adj 仅仅 I am an only child.我是独生子。 not only…but (also)… 不仅......而且...... only to do… 竟然......(表出乎意料) 13. opening n.开始,孔,缝隙,空缺的职位,机会,通路 There are several openings in the sales department. 销售 部门有一些空缺的职位。
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The movie has an exciting opening. 这部电影开头很精彩。
Have you attended the opening of the Olympic Games? 你参加奥运会的开幕式了吗?
We could see the stars through an opening in the roof.我 们可以通过屋顶上的缝隙看到星星。
It’s nice to see the opening of a flower. 看到一朵花开令 人很愉快。
opening hours/time 营业时间
his opening remarks 他的开场白
14. operate v.操作,手术
operate a computer 操作电脑
operating system (计算机)操作系统
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operate on a patient 给病人手术 operating table 手术台 operation n.操作,手术 in operation 操作中 The new rules will come into(开始工作,生效)operation from next week. put sth. into operation/practice 实施...... 15. oppose v.反对,对抗 oppose sth oppose doing sth
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be opposed to sth/doing sth
She was/remained bitterly opposed to the idea of moving abroad.她强烈反对移居国外的注意。
16. opposite adj.相反的,对面的,对立的 adv.在对面 prep. 在......对面 n.对立面,反义词
have the opposite opinion 持相反的观点
the opposite of heavy 反义词
There is a shop opposite our school.在我们学校对面有一家 商店。
17. optimisticadj. 乐观的
take an optimistic view 抱有乐观的想法
be optimistic about…
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18. orconj. 或者,否则 or=or else=otherwise 否则 or so 大约 Hurry or else we will be late. either…or… 或…...或…... whether…or/or not…无论…...还是(不是)...… Hurry, or you will be late. 快点,否则你要迟到了。 19. ordern.顺序,命令,订单 v. 命令,整理,订购 in/out of order 有序/有毛病 in order of time 按时间顺序
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order(sb)to do 命令某人做某事 order that…(should)… in order to do sth./that… 为了...... place an order for 订购...... order a dish/a car May I take your order? 您点好菜了吗? 20. organise/organize v.组织 organisationn.组织 a well-organised trip 有组织的,有系统的 21. other adj.其他的,另外的 pron.另外一个
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other than=except (for)=besides 除了 the other day/week 前几天,前几周 another day/time 改天,下次 22. otherwise adv.否则,另外 adj.另外的 Do it otherwise, please. =Do it in another way,please. 请 以另一种方式做。 or otherwise 或相反 23.out adv.在外,出局 adj.外面的,出局的 prep.向,离去 v. 出来 n.出局 out of luck 不走运 out of sight 看不见
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one out of four 四分之一 run out 用尽 outdoor activities 户外运动 eat outdoors 野餐 24. overprep.在......上,超过,越过 adv.越过,结束 take over 接管 get over 克服 (all ) over again 再次 over and again 反复地 over=more than 超过
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over dinner/a coffee 在吃晚饭/喝咖啡期间 25. overcomev.战胜,克服 overcome the enemy overcome financial problems/a bad habit 克服金融问题/ 一个坏习惯 be overcome with (anger/sorrow) 极其/非常(生气/悲伤) 26. overlookv.俯瞰,忽略 He seems to have overlooked one important fact. 他看上 去忽略了一个重要的事实。 27. owe v.欠,归功于 owe sb sth =owe sth to sb 欠某人某物,把某事归功于某人
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owing to =because of 因为,由于 28.ownadj.自己的 v.拥有 ownern.所有者,物主 ownership n.所有权,物主身份 a car of my own=my own car 我自己的车 He did it on his own 独立地,单独地 I don’t own anything of any value. 我没有任何有价值的东 西。
1. packn.包,捆;一群 v.打包,包装,捆扎,塞满,挤 a pack of cigarettes/clothes
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a pack of thieves pack sth away 把......收拾起来放好 pack sth (up) 将...…包/捆起来 pack sth/sb into sth 使…...挤进...… The room was packed with people. 屋子里挤满了人。 They packed into a tiny car. 他们挤进了一辆小车。 2. pain n.疼痛 v.使......痛苦,感到疼痛 painsn.辛苦,费劲 His neck is in pain. 他脖子疼。 He has a bad pain in his left foot. 他左脚非常疼。
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pleasures and pains 苦与乐 No pains, no gains.不劳不获。 3. pale adj.苍白的,无力的,暗淡的 v.(使)失色,(使)变 苍白,(使)变暗淡 go pale 变得苍白 4. panicn.惊慌,恐慌 v.(使)惊慌,(使)恐慌 panicked adj.感到惊慌的 panickingadj.令人惊慌的 There’s no panic. They were in a state(状态)of panic.
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There’s no point getting into panic about the exams.关 于考试惊慌没有意义。 I panicked when I saw smoke coming out of my house. The gunfire panicked my horse. 炮火使我的马惊慌。 5. papern(u)/(c) 纸;报纸;论文;试卷 注意:paper 当纸讲时不可数;如果纸上有字了,比如当报纸、 论文、试卷讲时则可数。 a sheet/piece of paper 一张纸 go through the papers 检查试卷 6. parkn.公园,停车场 vt. 停放(车辆、飞机等) Can we park the car here?
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a parking lot 一个停车场 7. partn.部分;成分;角色;零件 adj.部分的 vt./vi.分开;分 离 play/act a part in 起作用,扮演角色 a part-time teacher 一个兼职老师 He tried to part the two men who were fighting. 他试着分 开两个正在打架的人。 They two parted at the gate. 他们两人在门口分别。 8. participate v.参加,参与 participant 参与者 articipation 参与
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participate in 参加/参与...... She didn’t participate in the discussion. 9. particular adj.特殊的,特别的,详细的,挑剔的 n.详细说 明,个别项目 particularly adv. particulars n.细节,详情 be particular about 对..…..挑剔 in particular 特别,尤其 He stressed the point in particular. 他尤其强调了这一点。 We must pay particular attention to the point. 我们必须特 别注意这一点。
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The nurse asked me for my particulars. 护士询问了我的详 细情况。
10. partly adv.部分地, 在一定程度上
The road is partly finished.
I didn’t enjoy the trip very much , partly because of the weather.
He was only partly responsible for the accident.
11. passvt.传递,经过,通过
pass away 去世
pass by 经过,路过
12. pastadj 过去的,前任的 n.过去,往事 adv. 经过 prep. 过
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a past president 前任总统 in the past 在过去 run/walk past 跑/走过 13. patiencen.容忍;耐心 have (no) patience with sb (不)宽恕某人 lose one’s patience with sb=be out of patience with sb 对某人失去耐心 14. patientn.病人 adj.耐心的 be patient with 对......有耐心 15. pay (paid, paid)v. 支付,偿还 n.工资
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pay sb for sth pay off 偿清,有报偿 pay back 偿还 pay a visit to 参观/拜访...... get paid 得到报酬 The workers get paid by the month. 这些工人按月领工资。 16. peoplen.(c) 人们;民族;人民 people of all walks of life 各界人士 The Chinese are hard–working people.
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He lived for the people and died for the people. 他为人民 而生,为人民而死。
17. percentn.百分之…...
70 percent of the students are… 百分之七十的学生是......
18. perform v. 表演,表现,执行,完成
She performs an important role in our organization. 她在 我们组织中起着重要作用。
This operation has never been performed in this country.
A computer can perform many tasks at once. 计算机可以 一次执行多项任务。
The play was first performed in 1987. 这部戏剧在 1987 年首 次被表演。
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The company has been performing poorly over the past year.这家公司过去几年一直表现不佳。 performer n.执行者,表演者 performance n.表演,表现,执行,完成 19. permissionn.允许,许可,同意 ask/request/apply for permission 申请许可 get/obtain/receive permission 获得批准 with/without one’s permission (未)经某人许可 20. permit(permitted, permitting) vt. 许可,允许 n. 许可证 permit sth/doing sth
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permit sb to do 21. personaladj.个人的,亲自的 one's personal view/opinion 个人观点 personal possessions/property/belongings 私人物品/财产/ 所有物 for personal use 供个人使用 take a personal interest in sth 私下对某物感兴趣 personal experience 亲身经历 22. persuadev.说服,劝说 persuade sb to sth=persuade sb into doing sth 说服某人做 某事(强调结果)
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persuade sb not to do sth=persuade sb out of doing 说服 某人不要做某事(强调结果)
I persuaded him of the truth.=I persuaded him that it was true.我说服他相信这个事实。
I am persuaded of his innocence.=I am persuaded that he is innocent.我被说服,相信他是无辜的。
23. physicaladj.身体的,物理的
physical education 体育
physical training 身体训练
a physical examination 体检
physical labor 体力劳动
the physical world 物质世界
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a physical change 物理变化
24. pickv.采摘,挑选,拾取,精选,接收(广播等)
pick apples 采摘苹果
pick on sb. 找某人的茬儿
pick out 选出,辨认出
pick up 捡起,接某人,不费力地学会
She soon picked up some French while she was staying in Paris. 在法国停留的那段时间里,她很快学会了一些法语。
My radio can pick up VOA very clearly.我的收音机能够清 楚的接收 VOA。
He picked up many bad habits while in prison.在监狱的时 候他染上了一些坏习惯。
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At the next corner, the bus stopped and picked up three more people.在下一个拐角处,这辆公共汽车停下来接了三个 人。
25. pin(pinned,pinning) n.大头针,针 v.钉住,将......用 针憋住
a diamond pin 一枚钻石胸针
A message was pinned to the notice board.一则消息被别 在了公告板上。
26. pityn.怜悯,同情,可惜
have/take pity on 同情/怜悯......
What a pity!太可惜了!
out of pity 出于同情/怜悯
27. plan(planned,planning)vt. /n 计划
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plan to do sth plan for the future make a plan for 为......制定计划 28. pleasev. 请,使高兴 pleasedadj.高兴的 满意的 pleasuren.高兴 愉快 pleasantadj. 令人愉快的 29. pointn, 点;分数;要点;特征;意义 v. 指,指向 the boiling/freezing point 沸点/冰点 There is no point (in) doing sth.这样做毫无意义。
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point to/at 指着...... off the point 离题 to the point 切题 30. poor (poorer, poorest) adj.贫穷的;贫瘠的;可怜的;差 的 be poor/rich in natural resources 自然资源贫瘠/丰富 a poor fellow 一个可怜的家伙 a poor memory 很差的记忆力 be poor in health 健康状况很差
31. popularadj.流行的;受欢迎的;大众的;通俗的
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The book is popular with children. 这本书受孩子们欢迎。 They sell the computers at popular prices. 他们廉价卖这些 电脑。 popular songs 流行歌曲 popular science 科普 32. populationn.人口;数量 have a large/small population 人口多/少 The population of the city is increasing. Seventy percent of the population are workers. have a population of 有......人口/数量
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33. possess vt.持有,拥有
possessio n.持有,拥有,财产
He was charged with possessing a shotgun without a license.他被指控无执照持有猎枪罪。
I’m afraid he doesn’t possess a sense of humor. 恐怕他 没有幽默感。
A terrible fear possessed her. 她极度地恐惧。
On his father’s death, he came into possession of a vast fortune.他父亲一死,他就拥有了大量的财富。
take possession of 占有,拥有
Tom is in possession of the house.= The house is in the possession of Tom.
personal possessions 个人财产
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34. possibility n.可能,可能性,可能发生的事物 There is no possibility that she will make a full recovery.她 没有可能痊愈。 35. possibleadj.可能的 possiblyadv. as 形容词/副词 as possible 尽可能...… Please write to me as soon as possible. if (it is )possible 如果可能的话 I’ll go with you if possible. 36. potaton.土豆
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37. pourv.倒 ;倾泻;不断流出;大量涌来 The rain is pouring down. 大雨倾盆而下。 Reports of successes keep pouring in. 捷报频传。 The students poured out of/into the dinning hall.学生们涌 出/涌入餐厅。 38. powern. 能力, 动力, 权利,电力 beyond one’s power 超出能力范围 in power 执政 power station 发电站 come into power 上台执政
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power failure 停电 39. practicen. 实践;练习;惯例 according to the international practice 根据国际惯例 Practice makes perfect. 熟能生巧。 40. practisev.练习;实践;从事 practicen. practise doing sth practise medicine/law 行医/当律师 41. prayv.祈祷,恳求 prayern.祈祷,恳求,祷告,祈祷文
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They knelt down and prayed.他们跪下来祈祷。
She prayed to God for an ending to her sufferings.她向上 帝祈祷结束她的痛苦。
We prayed that she would recover from her illness.我们祈 祷她将从病中恢复过来。
We are praying for good weather on Saturday.我们祈祷周 六有个好天气。
My prayer is that one day he will walk again.我祈祷有一天 他将能够重新走路。
42. predict v 预言,预见
Nobody can predict the outcome(结果).
It is impossible(不可能的)to predict what will happen.
43. preferencen.偏爱,倾向,优先权
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Many people expressed a strong preference for the original plan.很多人更倾向于最初的计划。 give (a) preference to sb/sth 给…...以优惠或优待 Preference should be given to graduates of this university.in preference to 而不是 She was chosen in preference to her sister. 44. preparevt. 准备,使…...做准备 prepare a piece of paper for the diction 为…...准备...… prepare to do sth 准备做某事 prepare sb for sth 使某人为…做准备 be (well) prepared for sth/to do sth (表状态)
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make preparations for 为...…做准备
in preparation for 为...…做准备 (作状语)
The teacher prepared the students for the exam.
45. presentadj. 现在的;出席的;在场的 n.礼物 v. 呈现;介 绍;赠送
be present at the meeting 出席会议
He presented the report to the headmaster. 他向校长提交 了报告。
46. preserve v.保持,保存,保护,维持,维护,保养,保鲜
He was anxious to preserve his reputation. 他急于维护他的 声誉。
Efforts to preserve the peace have failed.维护和平的努力 失败了。
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This is a perfectly preserved 14th-century house. 这是一所 保存完好的 14 世纪房屋。
Is she really 60? She’s remarkably well preserved.她真的 60 岁了吗?她明显保养很好。
The vegetables should be preserved in the fridge.这些蔬 菜应该被保存在冰消里。
The society was set up to preserve endangered species from extinction.这个社团被建立来保护濒危物种。
47. press v.压,按,逼迫 n.压,按,新闻,新闻界,出版社
The story was reported in the press and on television.这则 故事在新闻和电视上被报道。
The press was/were not allowed to attend the trial.新闻界 不被允许参加审判。
The dictionary was published in Oxford University Press.这 本词典是牛津大学出版社出版的。
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She pressed her face against the window. 她把脸贴在窗户 上。
They are pressing us to make a quick decision.他们逼迫我 快点做决定。
48.pressure 压力;心理压力;紧张;承受着某事的压力
air/water pressure 气压/水压
She was unable to attend because of the pressure of the work.因为工作压力,她不可能出席。
pressure sb into sth/doing sth
Don’t let yourself be pressured into making a hasty decision. 不要勉强自己仓促做决定。
under pressure 被迫
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The team performs well under pressure. 这个队在压力下表 现良好。
49. pretendv.假装,伪装
pretend to do sth
50. prevent vt.预防,阻止
Prevent sb/sth from doing 防止/阻止某人做某事
Nothing would prevent him from speaking out against injustice. 没有什么可以阻止他公开反对不公。
Prevention is better than cure. 预防胜于治疗。
We should take some preventive actions to avoid the diseases. 我们应该采取一些预防措施来避免疾病。
51. pricen. 价格;代价
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at a high/low price 一高/低价 at a price of two dollars per kilo 以每公斤两美元的价格 at any price 不惜一切代价 52. prisonn.监狱,监禁 prisonern.囚犯,俘虏 take sb prisoner 俘虏某人 53. processn.过程;步骤,流程;工序,工艺流程 v.加工,处 理;冲印 mental processes 思维过程 We’re in the process of selling our house.
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the ageing process 老化过程
It’s a normal part of the learning process. 那是学习过程 中的正常现象。
manufacturing processes 制造方法
Most of the food we buy is processed in some way. 我们 买的大部分食物都是被用某种方法加工的。
processed cheese 加工好的奶酪
I sent three rolls of film away to be processed. 我送了三个 胶卷去冲印。
It will take a week for your application to be processed . 审核你的申请需要一周的时间。
54. productn.产品,制品;结果,产物
meat product 肉制品
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The child is the product of a broken home. 这孩子是一个 破裂家庭的产儿。 Productionn.生产,制造;产量;上映,上演,播出,制作 car production 汽车制造 a decline/an increase in production 生产下降/增加 He wants a career in film production.他想从事电影制作。 55. profitn.利润,利益 v.获利,有益于 make a profit 获利 at a profit 可以获利 We should be able to sell the house at a profit.
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Farmers are profiting from the new law. 农民们正在从新法 律中获益。
Many local people believe the development will profit them.很多当地人相信发展将会有益于他们。
56. progressn.进步;进展 (不可数) v.进展;进行
make much/ great/ rapid/progress in sth 在某方面取得很 大进步
in progress 在进行中
Work on the new road is progressing slowly. 新公路进展缓 慢。
57. prohibit vt.禁止,阻止
prohibit sth
prohibit sb from doing sth 禁止/阻止某人做某事
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In the past, the citizens were prohibited from traveling abroad.在过去,市民被禁止出国旅游。 prohibition 禁令 =ban 58. promisen.诺言;承诺 v.许诺;答应;有前途 make promise 许下承诺 carry out promise 履行承诺 keep promise 遵守承诺 break a promise 违背承诺 This year promises to be another good one for harvests.今 年有望又是一个丰收年。 a promising pianist 有前途的钢琴家
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A heavy snow promises a good harvest. 瑞雪兆丰年。 59. promotevt.促进,宣传,提升 promotionn. policies to promote economic growth 促进经济增长的政 策 60. protectv.保护 protect sb/sth from (against)… 保护......免收......的伤害 We wear sunglasses in summer to protect our eyes from the sunlight.我们在夏天戴眼镜来保护眼睛免收阳光的伤害。 under one’s protection 在某人的保护下 61. proudadj.骄傲的,自豪的,傲气的
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be proud of 为......骄傲/自豪 priden.骄傲,自豪, 自尊心 take pride in 为......骄傲/自豪 62. provelink.v.证明是(无被动) vt.证明 The task proved (to be) more difficult than we’d thought. He proved himself (to be) a better driver. 63. providevt.提供 provide sth for sb/provide sb with sth Providing/provided that… 如果......
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64. pullv.拉,拖,吸引 n.拉力,引力 pull down 拆毁 pull in (火车等)进站 pull out 拔出,出站 65. purchase v.购买 n.购买,购买的东西 They purchased the car for 1 million dollars. If you are not satisfied with your purchases , we’ll give you a full refund(退款,偿还). 66. putvt. (put, put ) 放,表达, put away 把......收藏起来
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put aside 把…...放在一边;储存 put forward 提出 put off 推迟 put on 穿上;上演(戏剧等) put out 扑灭 put up 张贴,举起,搭起 put up with 忍受 67. puzzle n.谜,迷惑,难题 v.使......困惑/疑惑 puzzlingadj.令人疑惑的 puzzledadv.感到疑惑的
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What puzzles me is why he left the country without telling anyone. 使我疑惑的是,他为什么谁也没告诉就离开了这个国 家。
puzzle over/about sth 苦苦思索/仔细琢磨......
3500 单词不难记:高考高频词汇记忆方法:单词+词组+句型 (Q—R)
天津一中梁耀兴 2016-02-29 20:42:46 阅读数:37 1. qualityn. 质量;品质;性格
a watch of high quality 一块高品质的手表
2. quantityn. 量,数量
a large quantity of = large quantities of+ 可数名词/不可数 名词
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Large quantities of water are polluted in that area.那个地 区,大量的水被污染了。
A large quantity of water is badly needed here.这里非常 需要大量的水。
3. questionvt. 提问,询问,质问 n. 问题,疑问
He was questioned by the police.他被警察询问。
out of question 没问题
out of the question 不可能
4. quit(quit,quit)/(quitted,quitted)v./n.离开,放弃, 停止,辞职
If I don’t get more money, I’ll quit.如果我不能挣更多的 钱,我会辞职。
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He quit the show last year because of bad health. 去年, 由于糟糕的健康问题,他停止了表演。
I’ve quit smoking. 我已经戒烟了。
We decided it was time to quit the city. 我们决定离开这座 城市。
R
1. raisevt. 使升高,提高,举起,筹集,饲养,抚养
raise one’s hand/voice 举起手、抬高声音
raise money 筹集钱
I was raised by my aunt on the farm.我在农场被我的姑姑抚 养。
2. rangen.范围,幅度,排,山脉 v.变化,排列,漫游
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We offer a full range of activities for children.我们为孩子们 提供全方位的活动。
It’s difficult to find a house in our price range.很难找到一 所在我们价格范围内的房子。
She has had a number of different jobs, ranging from cook to teacher.她有过许多不同的工作,从厨师到老师。
3. rankn.等级,军衔,队列,排 v.排列,把......分等,列队
top-ranked players 一流的选手
He was ranked second in his age group. 他在他的年龄段 排名第二。
At the height of her career, she ranked second in the world.在她事业的顶峰时期,她排名世界第二。
She was not used to mixing with people of high social rank. 她不习惯和社会地位很高的人搅合在一起。
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officers of junior/senior rank 有低级/高级军衔的军官 a painter of the first rank 一流的画家 4. reachvt.到达;延伸,伸手(脚等)够 n.范围,延伸,河段 beyond (out of ) reach 够不着 within one’s reach 够得着 reach (one’s hand) for 伸手够...… reach a conclusion 得出结论 5. readv.读,理解,写有,读数为 The sign on the wall reads “No Smoking”.墙上的标牌上写 着“禁止吸烟”。
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I can’t read his mind/eyes. 我不能读懂他的想法/眼神。 The themometer reads 30 degrees.温度计读数为 30 度。 6. realisevt. 实现;意识到 realise one’s dream 实现某人的梦想 7. reasonn. 理由,原因,理性 v. 劝说,评理,推论 reason sb into/out of doing 说服某人做(不做)... reason with sb 和某人理论 the reason for sth ......的理由 The reason why... is that.........的原因是...... 8. receivevt. 收到,接待,接纳
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receive a letter 收到一封信 receive a good education/a warm welcome 受到良好的 教育/热烈的欢迎 The play was well received. 这部戏剧受到好评。 9. recognize /recognisevt. 认出,承认 recognize sb./one’s voice recognize sb/sth as (to be)承认…...是...... 10. recommendv.推荐;劝告,建议 recommend somebody/something 推荐某人/某物 Can you recommend a good hotel? 你能给我推荐一家宾 馆吗?
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recommend (that)… 建议......
I recommend (that) he(should)see a lawyer. 我建议他去 见一个律师。
recommend somebody to do something 建议某人做某 事
recommend (somebody) doing something 建议(某人)做 某事
He recommended reading the book before seeing the movie. 他建议在看这部电影之前读这本书。
It is recommended that… 推荐......
It is strongly recommended that the machines should be checked every year.强烈推荐这些机器每年被检查一次。
11. recovervt. 找回;痊愈;恢复
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recover his lost bike 找回他丢的自行车 recover one’s health 恢复健康 recover from one’s illness 疾病痊愈 12. reducevt./vi. 减少,缩小, 使成…...状态 reduce the price by 10 percent.价格降低了百分之十 Hunger reduced him to stealing.饥饿使他开始偷东西。 13. refer (referred,referred,referring) refer to 提及;参考,查阅;涉及 refer to a dictionary 查字典
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The man referred to is a famous writer. 被提到的这个男人 是一个著名的作家。
14. reflectv.反映;照出/映出;反射;思考
She could see herself reflected in his eyes. 她可以看到她自 己映在他的眼睛里。
His music reflects his interest in African culture.他的音乐反 应了他对非洲文化的兴趣。
reflect on/upon something 认真思考,反思
She was left to reflect on the implications of her decision. 她被使得思考所做决定的影响。
On the way home he reflected that the interview had gone well. 在回家的路上,他想面试进行的很好。
15. refusev.拒绝
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refuse sth/ to do 16. regardvt.注重;考虑;认为;看作;尊敬;与......有关 n. 注意;尊重;问候(常用复数) regard sb/sth as n/adj.认为某人/某物...... Please give my best regards to your family. 代我向你家人 问好 17. regardless adj.不管,不顾 regardless of 不管/不顾...... 18. regret (regretted,regretted,regretting) v.后悔;遗憾 regret doing sth. 后悔做过某事(已做) regret to do sth.遗憾要做某事(未做)
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to one’s regret 让某人后悔/遗憾的是…... 19. regular adj. 有规则的;有规律的;定期的 regularly adv. a regular meeting 定期的会议 He visited me regularly. 他定期来看我。 20. reject v.拒绝,抵制 reject something 拒绝...... reject somebody 不录用/拒绝接纳某人 I've been rejected by all the universities I applied to.我被 所有我申请的学校拒绝了。 21. relatev.联系;使相关;涉及;叙述
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relate A to B 使 A 和 B 相关/把 A 和 B 联系起来 In the future, pay increases will be related to productivity. 未来,涨工资将会和生产率联系起来。 relate to something/somebody 涉及到某物/某人 The second paragraph relates to the situation in Scotland. 第二段涉及到了苏格兰的情况。 22. relationn.关系;亲戚 relative adj.有关的;相对的 n.亲戚,相关物,关系词 the relation between cause and effect 因果关系 A be relative to BA 与 B 有关 23. relaxv.(使)放松,(使)休息
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You have been working too hard,and you need to relax yourself.你工作太努力了,你需要休息。
I’ll relax when I know you are safe. 当我知道你是安全使, 我才会放松。
24. reliable adj.可靠的,可信赖的
a reliable friend 一个可靠的朋友
Our information comes from a reliable source. 我们的消息 来源可靠。
We are looking for someone who is reliable and hard-working. 我们正在寻找一个可靠的和工作努力的人。
25. reliefn.安慰,欣慰,减轻,解除,救济
a sense of relief 一种解脱感
breathe a sigh of relief 如释重负松了口气
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much to one’s relief 令某人非常欣慰的是
the relief of suffering 痛苦的消除
provide relief for refugees 救济难民
26. rely v.依靠,依赖,信赖
rely on 依靠/依赖/信赖......
These days we rely heavily on computers to organize our work. 这些天,我们在很大程度上依赖电脑来安排我们的工作。
You can rely on me to keep your secret. 你可以信赖我为你 保守秘密。
rely on it that… 信赖......
27. remain vi. 剩下,留下;仍然是(无被动);保持 n.剩余物, 残骸
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Much food remained. 很多食物剩下了。 Much remains to be done. 还有许多事要做。 It remains to be seen whether he will win the game. 他是 否会赢得比赛还尚待分晓。 He remains a doctor/ young/ standing there. 他仍然是一 个医生/年轻/站在那里。 The work remains undone. 工作还没完成。 remaining adj. 剩余的 the remaining time 剩余的时间 28. remember vt. 想起;记住;记得 remember to do sth. 记得去做某事(未做)
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remember doing sth.记得做过某事(已做) Please remember me to your mother.代我向你母亲问好。 29. remove v./n.移动,迁移,搬家,调动,开除 He removed his hand from her shoulder. 他把他的手从她 的肩膀拿开。 remove one’s eyes from the picture 把目光从画上移开 remove the family to 把家搬到...... remove one’s shoes/coat 脱下鞋/外套 remove the dirt from the door 清除/去掉墙上的灰尘 remove one’s doubt 打消某人的疑虑
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remove a student from school 将一个学生开除出学校
30. rentn.租,出租,租金 v.出租,租借
The house rents at/for 5 dollars a week. 这所房子以一周 5 美元的价格出租。
31. repairvt./n. 修理
under repair 正在修理中
32. replyv./n.回复,答复
33. reportv.汇报;报告;报道 n.报告,报告单
What you reported differs from the facts. 你汇报的和事实 不同。
It is reported that a young girl was robbed yesterday.=A girl is reported to have been robbed yesterday. 据报道, 一个年轻女孩昨天被抢劫了。
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34. representv.代表,描绘 The association was formed to represent the interests of women artists.该协会成立代表女性艺术家的利益。 35. requestvt./n. 要求,请求(比 ask 正式,比 demand 礼貌) He came at my request. 在我的要求下,他来了。 make a request 提出要求 He requested that his guests (should) sit down. 他请客 人们坐下。 36. require vt. 要求;需要 requirementn. 要求,条件 The floor requires washing/to be washed. 地板需要被洗。
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meet your requires 满足你的要求/需要
37. researchn./v. 研究,调查
do/carry out some research on cancer 做关于癌症的研究
38. reservev.预定,预留,保留,储备 n.储备,自然保护区
reserve something for somebody
I'd like to reserve a table for three for eight o'clock.我想要 预定一张晚上八点钟三个人的桌子。
These seats are reserved for special guests.这些座位是为特 殊客人预留的。
39. resignv.辞职,放弃,使听从
He resigned as manager after eight years. 八年后,他辞去 了经理的职位。
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Two members resigned from the board.两个成员从董事会 辞职了。 resign doing something 听任/只好接受做...... 40. respectvt.尊敬; 尊重 n.尊敬; 方面 have respect for sb=show respect to sb 尊敬某人 in all respects=in every respect 在各方面 41. restn.休息,剩余部分 v.(使)休息 the rest 其余的,剩余的 take/have a rest 休息一下 The rest of the money was given away to the poor.剩余的 钱被给了穷人。
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42. resultn.结果,成绩,答案 vi.结果,导致
as a result 结果
as a result of 因为/由于......
result in 导致,产生
resulte from 由......造成,由于
It snowed heavily. As a result, he was late. 雪下得很大,结 果,他迟到了。
He was late as a result of the snow. 由于下雪他迟到了。
The driver’s carelessness resulted in the accident. 司机的 粗心导致了事故。
The accident resulted from the driver’s carelessness. 事 故是由司机的粗心造成的。
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43. returnvi. 返回 vt. 归还,回报 n. 返回,归来,回报 return to China from abroad 从国外回国 return sth to sb= return sb sth 把某物归还给某人 I gave him an apple and he gave me a peach in return. 我给了他一个苹果,作为回报,他给了我一个桃子。 44. reviewvt./n 回顾,复习,检查;评论 review one’s lessons 复习功课 book review 书评 45. rewardn./v.报酬,报答;酬金,奖赏 reward sb for sth/doing sth 因......报答某人
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She was rewarded for her efforts with a cash bonus. 她由 于努力被奖励了一笔奖金。
She started singing to the baby and was rewarded with a smile.她开始给孩子唱歌,被孩子奖励了一个微笑。
You deserve a reward for being so helpful. 你帮了这么大 忙,应受到奖励。
46. richadj. 富的,丰富的,富饶的
Our country is rich in natural resources.我们国家自然资源丰 富。
47. ridn.摆脱,去掉 vt.使摆脱,使去掉
rid sb of sth 使某人摆脱......
Further measures will be taken to rid our streets of crime. 更多措施将被采取以使我们的街道摆脱犯罪。
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rid oneself of somebody/something 摆脱某人/某物
He wanted to rid himself of the burden of the secret. 他想 要摆脱这个秘密给他带来的负担。
get rid of somebody/something 摆脱某人/某物
We got rid of all the old furniture. 我们摆脱了所有的旧家具。
48. ridev.乘,骑 n.乘,骑,搭乘,乘车或骑车的短途旅程
ride (on) a horse/train 骑马/坐车
give sb a ride 让某人搭车
It is two hours’ ride from here.从这里有两个小时的乘车/骑 车旅程。
49. rightadj. 正当的;正确的;右边的 adv.正确地;恰当地 n. 公正,正确;权利;右边
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all right 好吧 That’s all right. 没关系。(回答道歉的话) have the right to do sth 有权利做某事 turn to the right=turn right 向右转 on the right 在右边 keep to the right 靠右边走 50. ringv. 响;按铃;(耳朵)嗡嗡作响;打电话 n. 环;环状 物;年轮;戒指;铃声 ring the bell 按铃 ring off 挂断电话
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ring up a doctor 给医生打电话
ring back 回电话
a wedding ring 婚戒
the rings of a tree 树的年轮
3500 单词:高考高频词汇记忆方法:单词+词组+句型(Q—R) (下)
天津一中梁耀兴 2016-02-29 20:44:23 阅读数:29 51. risevi.(rose,risen)上升;上涨;起床;站起 n. 增加; 加薪
The sun rises in the east.
He rises at 6:00 every day.
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give sb a rise 给某人涨工资 on the rise 在增长 52. risk n.风险,危险,冒险 v.冒险 She took many photos at the risk of her life.她冒着生命危险 拍了很多照片。 He took the risk of losing his life to save the child. 他冒着失 去自己生命的危险救了这个孩子。 risk one’s life 冒着生命危险 There is the risk of your catching a cold. 你可能会感冒。 53. robv.抢劫;掠夺 rob sb of sth 抢劫某人某物
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The tomb had been robbed of its treasures.这个坟墓的财 宝贝抢劫了。 54. rock n.岩石,摇滚乐 v.摇动,(使)摇晃 The town was rocked by an earthquake. 这个城镇被地震 晃动了。 He sat rocking in his chair. 他坐着,在椅子里摇晃。 55. rollv. 滚动;卷;转动 n. 滚动;卷;卷形物 The ball rolled into the hole. 球滚到了洞里。 The clouds are rolling away. 云彩卷走了。 roll the wool into a ball 把羊毛滚成球 He rolled up the window of the car. 他摇上了车窗。
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56. room n. 房屋(可数);空间(不可数) takes up too much room 占据太多的空间 make room for… 为...…腾地方 57. roughadj. 粗糙的;崎岖的;粗鲁的;粗略的;汹涌的 rough paper 粗糙的纸 rough road 崎岖的公路 rough words 粗鲁的话 rough weather 恶劣的天气 rough sea 汹涌的大海
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58. roundadj.圆的,完全的,大概的 adv.在周围 prep.在...... 周围,大约 v.绕行,环绕,完成,弄圆 a girl with a round face 一个圆脸女孩 The earth moves round the sun. 地球绕着太阳转。 Round our mouths to pronounce the word. 张圆我们的嘴 发这个单词的音。 59. row n. 一排,一行;划船 v. 划船 a row of trees 一排树 in a row 成一排,连续地 60. rude adj.粗鲁的;无礼的 rudely adv.粗鲁地;无理地
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rudeness n. 粗鲁;无礼
61. ruin v.毁坏 n.毁坏;废墟【多用复数】
The country was ruined by the war.这个国家被战争毁了。 The bad weather ruined our trip.糟糕的天气毁了我们的旅 行。
That one mistake ruined his chances of getting the job.那 一个错误毁了他得到这份工作的机会。
Years of fighting have left the area in ruins. 多年的战争使 这个地区成为了废墟。
62. rule n. 规则,规章;习惯 v. 统治,管辖,支配
follow/obey rules 遵守规则
break the rules 破坏规则
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He makes it a rule never to borrow money. 他使从来不借 钱成为了一个规则。
63. run v.(ran,run,running)跑;创办;管理;运转,操作; 流动;掉色;变成
The college runs summer courses for foreign students. 这 所大学为外国学生创办了夏季课程。
Could you run(操作)the engine for a moment?
The tears ran down her cheeks.
The color of the clothes runs(掉色)easily.
run across sb/sth 偶遇......
run after 追赶,追求
come running 跑过来
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run into sb./sth. 撞上......
run out 被用完
run out of sth 用完......
run over 压过去
64. rush vi. 冲 ,匆忙 n. (上下班/交通)高峰期,冲,匆忙,急 流 We’ve got plenty of time; there is no need to rush.我 们有很多时间,没有必要匆忙。
The injured were rushed to the hospital. 受伤的人被匆忙送 到了医院。
during the rush hour 在交通高峰期
3500 单词不难记:英语高频词汇记忆方法:单词+词组+句型(S) 上
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天津一中梁耀兴 2016-03-01 21:51:45 阅读数:25 1. safe adj.安全的 n.保险箱 safelyadj.安全地 safetyn.安全 He came back safe and sound. 他安然无恙地回来了。 2. sale. n.出售,销售; 销售量/额(多用复数) v.销售 for sale 待售;出售 on sale 廉价出售 3. same. adj. 相同的,同样的 Don’t speak at the same time.
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I have the same bike as you. 4. satisfactionn. 满意 to one’s satisfaction 让某人满意的是 satisfyvt. 使满意/满足 satisfy one’s need/desire/demand 满足某人的需要/愿望/ 要求 satisfiedadj. 感到满意/满足的 satisfyingadj. 令人满意/满足的 5. savevt.挽救;节省;保留;避免,省得 I am saving for a new bike.
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Thanks for sending that letter for me—it saved me a trip. 6. say. vt. 说,写有(said-said) The sign says “ No Smoking”. 牌子上写着“禁止吸烟”。 7. schedulen. 时间表,日程表 v. 安排,排定 a train schedule 列车时刻表 ahead of schedule 提前 We have scheduled the meeting for Monday. 我们把会议 安排在周一。 8. scoldvt. 责骂,训斥 scold sb for sth/doing sth 因......而责备某人
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9. score. v. 得分,打分 n. 得分,分数;20 个 two score of books 四十本书 He won the game with a score of 2:1. 他以 2:1 的比分赢得 了这场比赛。 scores of books 许多书 score a point (在比赛中)赢得一分 10. searchv./n. 搜寻,搜查 in search of sb/sth 寻找某人/某物 11. seasonn. 季节,赛季,旺季 in season 旺季
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out of season 在淡季 12. seatn. 座位 vt. 使...…就座,容纳 take a seat = sit down seat oneself in the chair= be seated in the chair We want to rent a bus which can seat 40 people. 13. secretadj. 秘密的 n. 秘密 keep sth (a ) secret from sb 把某事对某人保密 in secret 秘密地 14. secureadj. 安全的;牢靠的;无忧无虑的;有把握的 a secure job 一份牢靠的工作
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a secure age 无忧无虑的年纪 be secure of 确保/确信...... securityn. 安全;保证;证券;抵押品 15. see v. (saw, seen) 看见,领会,明白 see sb do sth 看到某人做了某事 see through 看穿,看透 see sb doing sth 看到某人正在做某事 see sb off 给某人送行 see to sb/sth/doing 照看/负责...... You see to it that the windows are all closed.
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16. seekv.寻找,寻求 She managed to calm him down and seek help from a neighbor. seek one’s fortune 寻求财富/运气 17. seemv. 好像,似乎 He seems (to be) happy/a good man. He seems to have said it. It seems to me that… 在我看来...… Aftre what seemed several hours, he left. 18. seizev.抓住,理解
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He seized her by the arm. 他抓住他的胳膊。 seize a chance/an opportunity 19. sell v.(sold-sold) 卖,售出;【喻】出卖 sell sb sth =sell sth to sb He sold the book for $5. = He sold the book at the price of $5. These books sell well . be sold out 被卖光 20. sendv.(sent-sent) 寄,送,用无线电波发送信号;打发, 派遣;使变得 send a message
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send him a telegram(电报)
A telegram sent him hurrying home.
send for sb 派人去叫某人
21. sense n. 感官;感觉;…感;情理,道理;意义 vt. (隐约) 感到,领会
a sense of sight/touch/smell/humor/duty/direction/language/music /business
common sense 常识
There is no sense in waiting here.在这里等没有意义。
The sentence doesn’t make sense.这个句子讲不通。
Can you make sense of the poem. 你能弄清这首诗的意思 吗?
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22. separate v. 分开,隔开 adj. 分开的,不相连的;单独的, 独立的 Separate the good ones from the bad. The children sleep in separate beds. 23. seriousadj. 严肃的,认真的,严重的 Please be serious about your work. take sth seriously 认真对待某人 24. serve vt. 为...…服务;接待;对…有用;供应,上(饭菜等); vi. 服务,服役;接待,招待;适用 serve the country/the people He has served in the army for three years.
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serve as 担任,充当 servicen. 服务(行为);服侍,招待;公共设施,业务;使用 I am at your service. 我为您服务。 25. setvt.(set-set-setting)放,摆;指定,规定;装置,调整; 使处于某种状态;使…...做某事;树立,出(题) set foot on… 踏上...... set a standard 设定一个标准 set...free 释放...... set an example to sb set aside 留出,拨出
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set off 动身,出发;燃放,使爆炸 set out 动身,出发 set out to do 开始,着手 set up 建立,开办 The sun has set.(vi. 落,下沉) 26.settlevt. 解决,调停;整理;使平静;安放;支付,结账 vi. 安定,定居;停息,停留;稳定下来 settle a question settle (down) in New York 在纽约定居 A bird settled on the branch.
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27. shade n. 阴(影),阴凉处【u】;(色彩的)浓淡【c】
in the shade of a tree
28. shake (shook-shaken) vt. 摇动,抖动;使发抖 vi. 震动, 发抖
shake hands with sb 和某人握手
He was shaking with cold. 他冷得发抖。
29. shamen. 羞愧(感),羞耻(心)【u】;[a ~] 一种耻辱, 遗憾的事,可耻的人/事物
He is a shame to his school/family.
What a shame it is to lie! 说谎是件多么可耻的事啊!
30. shapen. 样子,形状,形态;体现,具体形式 v. (使)形 成,塑造,具体化
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in good shape 完整无损,状态良好,体型很好 out of shape 走样,身体状况不佳 It is shaped like a bell. 它形状像个钟/铃。 31. share vt. 分配;分享;分担;n. (一)份儿;份额;股份 share apples among the children share joys and sorrows(悲伤)with sb I will take my share of the money. 32. sharp adj. 锐利的;敏锐的,灵敏的;尖酸的,刻薄的;剧 烈的 a sharp knife
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sharp eyes sharp sense of smell a sharp boy sharp words a sharp pain a sharp turn 急转弯 sharpenv.削尖;使敏捷;尖锐;变锋利 sharplyadv. 33. sheetn. 被单,床单;薄片/板,(一)片/块 put clean sheets on the beds
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a sheet of paper/ice 34. shock vt./n.(使)震惊,打击,震动,电击 I was shocked by/at the news. The news was a shock to me. He got shocked when he touched the wire. If you touch the wire, you’ll get a shock. He couldn’t recover from the shock of his son’s death. 35. shoe n. 鞋 a pair of shoes two pairs of shoes
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put on /take off one’s shoes 穿鞋/脱鞋 be in one’s shoes 处于某人的位置/处境 36. shoot v.(shot-shot)发射,射击,射中,投掷;拍摄 n. 射 击;投篮;嫩芽 shoot a person dead 射死某人 shoot sb in the head 射中某人头部 shoot a scene 拍一场戏 shoot at… 射击...... 37. short adj. 短的,短期的,近的;矮的;缺少的, 不足的 be short of 缺少...... be short for… 是...…的缩写
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in short 简言之 shortenv.缩短,减少 38. shouldern. 肩(膀)vt. 肩负,扛;用肩膀挤 shoulder a task 承担一项任务 He looked over his shoulder. 他回过头看。 He has broad shoulders. 他有宽阔的肩膀。 shoulder to shoulder 肩并肩地;齐心协力地 39. show v. 给看,展示,显示,出示;展出;指示;引导,带 领 show sb sth=show sth to sb
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Show me how to do it. show sb around show off 卖弄,炫耀 show up 露面,揭露 on show 展出 40. showern. 阵雨,淋浴 v.大量地给予;淋浴;下阵雨 be caught in a shower 淋了阵雨 have/take a shower 进行淋浴 41. shut v.(shut-shut-shutting)关,闭,合拢 shut one’s mouth/ eyes
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The door won’t shut. shut down 放下来关住;关闭,停业 shut up 关闭,闭嘴 46. sickadj. 患病的;恶心的【只作表语】;渴望的,向往的 homesick 想家的 a sick man be ill in bed 卧病在床 fall ill 生病了 47. side n. 边,旁边,侧面;一方,一派 Every coin has two sides. 事物都有两面性。
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Which side are you on? 你站在哪一边? on all sides=on every side 在各方面 She is excellent on all sides. 她在各方面都很优秀。 48. sight n.视力,视觉;望见;视野[u];景象[c] I have good/bad sight. catch sight of 看见...... at first sight 乍一看 lose sight of 看不见...... out of sight 看不见;在视野之外 at the sight of 一看见......就......
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in sight 看的见,被看到 the beautiful sights of Beijing 北京的美丽景色 49. signn. 符号;预兆,迹象;牌子,招牌,标记;手势 v.签字, 签名,示意 A dark cloud is a sign of rain. There were signs that they would succeed. 他们有会成功 的迹象。 Please sign (your name)on the paper. 请在文件上签名。 The policeman signed them to stop. 警察示意他们停下来。 50. silence n. 寂静;沉默 silentadj. 寂静的;沉默的,无声的
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keep silence/silent 保持沉默 listen in silence 静静地听 51. similaradj. 类似的,相似的 similarlyadv. be similar to sth. 和......相似 52. simple adj. 简单的;朴素的;单纯的 live a simple life=live simply He is as simple as a child. simply adv. 简单地;朴素地;仅仅,只不过;简直,完全
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53. sinceprep. 自从...… adv.从那以后 conj. 自从…...以来; 既然
He has lived here since then/1949.
He left the town in 1980 and I haven’t seen him (ever) since.
It is/has been 3 years since we parted.
Since you are all here, let’s make a decision.
54. single adj. 单一的,单个的,单程的;单身的,独身的;单 人的 n. 单打比赛
Not a single tree could be seen. 看不到一棵树。
a single ticket 一张单程车票
a single man 一个单身男人
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This room has two single beds. 这个房间有两张单人床。 55. sink v. (sank-sunk)使下沉,沉没,下沉,低沉 The ship sank into the river. sink into a chair 一屁股坐在椅子里 Hearing the news, his heart sank. 听到这个消息,他的心一下 子沉了下去。 56. sit vi.(sat-sat-sitting) 坐,(鸟等)栖息 sit down sit at the desk 坐在桌子旁 sit at table 就席,进餐
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57. situation n. 位置,形势,局面,境遇,处境 the international situation 国际形势 58. size n. 大小,尺寸,号码 be of a size=be of the same size 相同大小/尺寸 The two houses are of a size.=The two houses are of the same size. 这两座房子大小一样。 59. sky n.天空 in the sky a blue sky 60.sleepn./v. 睡觉
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I didn’t get much sleep last night. 昨晚我睡得很少。
fall into sleep 睡着了
have a sound sleep 睡个好觉
sleep well/deeply/soundly/badly
61. slidev.(slid, slid) v. (使)滑动;滑落;不知不觉陷入;溜; 悄悄地迅速放置 n. 滑动;幻灯片;滑梯;雪崩
She slid out while no one was looking.没人看着时她溜了出 去。
The man slid the money quickly into his pocket.这个男人悄 悄地迅速把钱放入他的口袋里。
62. slightadj.
① 轻微的,少量 a slight fever
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② 小的,微不足道的 a slight mistake ③ 纤细的, 瘦的 a young girl of slight build 身材瘦小的少女 not in the slightest/ not at all 一点也不,毫不 slightlyadv.略微地,轻微地 The man was slightly hurt. 63. slowadj. 慢的;笨的;迟钝的 v.放慢;变慢 slowlyadv. slowness n. Progress was slower than expected.
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slow down 慢下来,放慢速度
64. smell link-v. 闻起来 v. 闻; 嗅; 觉察到 (smelled-smelled; smelt-smelt) n. 气味;嗅觉
Dinner smells good.
Can you smell something burning? 你能闻到有东西烧着了 吗?
He smelt danger. 他觉察到了危险。
Dogs have a very good sense of smell. 狗有很好的嗅觉 吗?
65. smile v./n.微笑
She smiled at him and he smiled back.
He smiled with relief. 他欣慰地笑了。
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He is wearing(面露)a big/forced/cold smile.
3500 单词不难记:英语高频词汇记忆方法:单词+词组+句型(S) 下
天津一中梁耀兴 2016-03-01 21:54:33 阅读数:18 66. snaken. 蛇 v. 迂回前进
The road snaked away into the distance. 这条路蜿蜒到远 方。
The soldiers snaked their way through the narrow street. 这些士兵迂回地进入了这条狭窄的街道。
67. socialadj.
① 社会的 ,有关社会的
social reforms 社会改革
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② 社交的,交际的 ③ 群居的 Man is a social animal. societyn. 社会 in society 68. soonadv. 马上; 很快; 不久 How soon will we be back? Please send it as soon as possible. sooner or later 迟早 no sooner…than … 一......就...... 69. sortn. 种类 类别 品种 v. 整理 把...…分类 ; 处理 安排 There are all sorts of jobs you could do.
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sort (out) the letters 整理分类这些信件 It is our problem. We will get it sorted. sort of = kind of 有点儿 He is sort of nervous. 70. soundn. 声音 声响 v. 听起来 Sound travels more slowly than light. 声音传播地比光慢。 His voice sounded strange on the phone. 71. spacen. 空间;空地;太空 The desk takes up too much space. 这张桌子占据了太多空 间。
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Can we make space/room for an extra chair? 我们能再 给一把椅子腾出空间来吗? in outer space 在外太空 72. spareadj. 不用的 闲置的;备用的;空闲的 多余的 We have a spare bedroom, if you like to stay. a spare key/tyre in one’s spare time v. 尽力 破费;抽出 匀出(时间、金钱等);饶命(spare one’s life) He spared no effort to make her happy. Surely you can spare me a few minutes.
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73. speak(spoke-spoken) v. 说话;提起,讲述 ;发表讲 话,演讲 He speaks with a strange accent(口音). speechn.演讲 讲话 发言;说话的能力;戏剧中的台词 give/make/deliver a speech the power of speech 演讲的力量 74. special adj. 特殊的 不寻常的;重要的,特别关注的;有专门目的的 There is something special about this place. What are your special interests?
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a special moment n. 特价产品;特价 The menu changes regularly and there are daily specials to choose from. speciallyadv. 专门地 特意地 75. speedv.(sped-sped / speeded-speeded)加速,迅速 前行 n.(运动的)速度 speed up The car sped along the road. The drug will speed her recovery. 这种药加速了她的康复。 at a speed of 以......的速度
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at top/full speed 以最快的速度 He reduced the speed and turned sharp left. 76. spellv(. spelt-spelt / spelled-spelled)拼写,拼读 How do you spell your name? spell out 拼写出 You know what I mean—I am sure I don’t need to spell it out 77. spendv.(spent-spent)度过,花费 spend time/money on sth. spend time/money in doing We spent the weekend in Paris.
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78. spiritn. 精神 心灵 the power of human spirit to overcome difficulties in high/low spirits 情绪高涨/低落 78. spotn.点;斑点;污点,瑕疵;(太阳的)黑点 v. 点缀, 弄脏,使有污点 on the spot 当场,立即,在现场 The night sky is spotted with stars. 夜晚的天空点缀着星星。 80. spreadv./n.(spread-spread)传播,散布;蔓延;展开; 伸展;铺开 Spread a piece of cloth on the table. 铺一块布在桌子上。 The disease spread quickly. 这种疾病蔓延的很快。
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Spread butter on the bread. 在面包上涂黄油。
prevent the spread of disease 防止疾病传播
81. spyn. (pl.spies) 间谍,密探,特务 v. 从事间谍活动
a police spy 一个警探
spy on 暗中注视,偷偷的瞧
82. standv. (stood-stood)站立,直立,位于(某处)某种 状态,承受,忍受 n. 态度,观点,货摊
Stand still while I take a photo of you. 我给你照相时站着别 动。
The house stood empty for a long time. 这所房子空了很长 时间了。
Modern plastics can stand(承受)very high and very low temperatures.
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stand out 突出,出色 stand by 站在......旁,支持 stand for 代表,象征 83. starvev. (使)挨饿,饿死 starvationn. The animals were left to starve to death. 84. staten. 状态,状况;州 v. 陈述;声明;公布 in a good state/in good condition 处于良好的状态 She was in a state of shock.她处于震惊的状态中。 the southern states of the US 美国南部的州
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The facts are stated in the report. 这些事实在报告中被陈述 85. statusn.身份,地位 ,名望 raise the status of workers 提高工人地位 have a high social status 有很高的社会地位 86. stayv.停留;保持 持续是 ;暂留 逗留 n. 停留 逗留 作客 Stay there and don’t move. He never stays angry for long. I stayed 3 nights at my cousin’s house. stay away 外出,不在家 87. steadyadj. 稳步的;持续的;稳固的
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We are making slow but steady progress. Such fine work requires a good eye and a steady hand. 88.stressn. 压力;强调;紧张;重要性;重读 vt. 强调;使紧张; 加压力于;用重音读 Things can easily go wrong when people are under stress. She lays great stress on punctuality. 89. stealv.(stole-stolen)偷窃,剽窃 My wallet was stolen last night. 90. stepn. 迈步;距离;步骤 措施;阶段 v. 迈步;行走 The hotel is only a short step from the beach.
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We are taking steps to prevent pollution. 我们正在采取措 施防止污染。 Mind/Watch your steps. 留心脚下。 She opened the door and stepped out into the sunshine. 她打开门,走出去,到了阳光里。
3500 单词不难记:英语高频词汇记忆方法:单词+词组+句型(S) 续
天津一中梁耀兴 2016-03-01 21:58:18 阅读数:22
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3500 单词不难记:高考高频词汇记忆方法:单词+词组+句型(T) 天津一中梁耀兴 2016-03-04 19:38:13
阅读数:69
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1. take v. 拿;获得;取;采取;接受(礼物等);耗费(时间等) take A for B 把 A 误以为 B take in 吸收;领会;欺骗;接待;接受;理解;拘留 take action 采取行动 take steps/measures 采取措施 2. talentn. 天资, 天赋,人才 Ordinary people merely think how they should spend their time; a man of talent tries to use it. 普通人只考虑该如何度过时间,天才则努力利用时间。 He is a talent but he always hides his light.
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他是个有天赋的人,但他总是掩饰自己的光芒。 3. tasten. 味道;品味;审美 v. 尝;体验;尝起来;有…的味 道 I don’t like the taste of olives(橄榄). 我不喜欢橄榄的味道。 I have lost my sense of taste. 我已经失去了味觉。 The dish tastes delicious. 这道菜尝起来很美味。 4.tear v.(tore,torn)撕毁,撕破;移开,扯掉 n. 眼泪
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I tore the letter in half/ into halves. 我把信撕成两半。 burst into tears 突然哭起来 He left the room in tears.他哭着离开了房间。 5. tell v.(told,told)告诉,讲述,辨别,区分 tell sb sth=tell sth to sb 告诉某人某事 tell the truth/lies 讲事实/说谎 tell A from B 区分 A 和 B Can you tell the differences between B.E. and A.E.? 你能区分 B.E.和 A.E.之间的区别吗?
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6. tendv. 易于; 往往;倾向于; 照料, 看管 tend to do sth 往往会...... I tend to see pictures in my mind when I am reading or listening. 在阅读和听时,我往往会在头脑里看到画面。 Women tend to live longer than men. 女性往往比男性活得更长。 I’d tend the store while you’re away. 你离开时,我会照看这个店的。 tend to the sick 照料病人
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7. terrify vt.恐吓;使恐怖;使害怕 be terrified at 被...…吓了一跳 We were terrified at the deafening explosion. 我们被震耳欲聋的大爆炸下了一跳。 8. testn.测验,检验 v. 测验;(身体)检查;考验 take a test 参加测验 a test for Aids 艾滋病测试 The match is a real test of character for us. 这场比赛对我们来说是一次真正的个性考验。 The climb tested our fitness and energy.
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这次攀登考验了我们的健康和能量。 9. thankn./v.感谢 thanks to 幸亏,由于 Thanks to a lot of hard work, we succeeded. 由于努力的工作,我们成功了。 How can I express my thanks to you? 我怎么才能表达我对你的感激呢? thank sb for sth/doing sth 因......感谢某人 10. thinkv.(thought,thought) 认为;思考 I think so.
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I don’t think so. think of 记起,想起;考虑 think about 考虑 think for oneself 独立思考 thinking n. 思维,思想;想法,见解 I had to do some quick thinking. 我不得不快速思考。 11.thirstyadj. 渴的;渴望的;渴求的 We were hungry and thirsty. He is thirsty for money/power.
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have a thirst for knowledge 渴求知识 12. thoughtn. 思考,思想,念头 On second thought(s)(再一想,转念一想),he decided to accept his invitation. deep in thought= lost in thought 沉思 13. throughoutprep. 遍及,贯穿 throughout the night 整夜 throughout the town 全城 14. throwv.( threw/thrown) 扔,投 throw up 呕吐
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throw sth out 随口说出 15. thusad. 这样(=in this way); 因而(=so) He studied hard; thus(因此)he got high marks. He hanged himself on the tree, thus(这样)ending his life. 16.tien. 领带,关系,结,平局 v.(tied/tied/tying)(用绳, 线) 系,拴,扎,打成平局,得分相等 The match ended in a tie. 比赛打成平局 Our team tied (with) their team.=Our team was tied with their team. 打成平局 Please tie the horse to the tree. 请把马拴到树上。 17. time n. 时间,时期,次数,倍数 v. 测定时间,记录时间
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all the time=always 一直 ahead of time= in advance 提前 at a time 一次 at one time 从前,一度 at times=sometimes 有时候 from time to time 不时的,时而,偶尔 in no time 立刻,马上 in time 及时,迟早 in time for sth 来得及干某事 Time is up. 时间到了。
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on time 准时 take one’s time 慢慢来 waste no time (in) doing 赶紧干某事 It is (high) time (that) we started out. 我们该出发了。 At no time have I said such a thing. 我决没有说过这种话。 It is the first time (that) I have read such a book.我第一次读 这样的书 18. tipn. 顶端,尖端,告诫,建议,提示,小费 19. tirev. 使疲惫,使厌倦 tiredadj.
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tiringadj. tirednessn. 疲惫 sth tire sb out. 某事使某人疲惫 sb be tired out 某人疲惫了 sb be tired of sth./doing sth. 某人厌倦了某事 sb be tired with/from sth./doing sth. 某人因某事疲惫 20. toastn.祝酒;烤面包片 v.为...…干杯;烤(面包) drink a toast to… 向......干杯 a piece of toast 一片考面包 a toasted sandwich 一个烤三明治
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21. toleratev. 容忍, 宽容; 经受, 忍受 Those who know how to tolerate others can naturally lead a happy life. 那些知道如何宽容别人的人自然能过快乐的生活。 22.the day after tomorrow 后天 23. tongue n. 舌头,语言 mother tongue=native language 母语 49. typicala. 典型的,有代表性的 be typical of 是......的特点 It is typical of you to be so gentle.
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如此温柔是你的特点。 25. topn. 顶部,顶端;上部;首席;陀螺 adj. 最高的,顶上 的;头等的 at the top of sth 在......的 26. totaln. 合计,总计;v. 合计是 adj. 总的,完全的 He is totally blind. A total of 400, 00 people were killed in the earthquake. There are 50,000 students in our school in total. (=altogether=in all 总共) 27. touchv. 触动,打动,触摸,接触;n. 接触,联系 touching adj. 打动人的
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touched adj. 受到触动的
stay in touch with sb=keep in touch with sb 与某人保持联 系
lose touch with sb 和某人失去联系
get in touch with sb 取得联系
be in touch with sb 和某人又联系
be out of touch with sb 和某人没有联系
28. toughn. 恶棍 adj.坚韧的;健壮的;能吃苦耐劳的;坚强的 顽固的;冷酷的;现实的;严厉的
I know how easy it is to begin smoking and how tough it is to stop.
我知道开始吸烟是多么容易,戒烟是多么的难。
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Don’t be too tough on/with him---he was only a child. 不要对他太严厉,他只是个孩子。 29. tourn./v. 观光,旅行 30. townn.城镇,市镇;市内商业区 live in town live in the countryside go to town 去城里 go out of town 出城 31. trackn. 轨道,田径,踪迹,跑道 keep track of 跟踪/跟踪了解
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lose track of 失去联系 As to dealing with such problems, you are on the right track. 对于处理这样的问题,你的方法是正确的。 32. traden. 贸易;v. 交换 international trade 国际贸易 trade A for B 用 A 换 B 33. traditionn.惯例,传统 by tradition 按照惯例 religious/ cultural traditions 宗教/文化传统
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traditionaladj. 传统的 traditionallyadv. 传统地 34. trafficn. 交通;运输;[通信] 通信量 vt. 用…作交换;在… 通行 at the traffic lights 在交通灯那里 There are traffic jams at the corner every day. 在拐角处,每天都有交通堵塞。 35.trainn. 火车;v. 培训,训练 trainer 教练,训练者 trainee 受训练者
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train sb for sth 为…...对某人进行培训 train sb as a fireman 把某人训练成消防队员。 36. translate v. 翻译,转换成另一形式 n. translation 翻译, 译文 Translate the sentence from Chinese into English. 37. transportationn. 运输;运输系统;运输工具;流放 The bike is a useful means of transportation. 自行车是有用的交通工具。 38.trapn. 陷阱 vt. 使陷入困境 set/lay/place a trap for mice 给老鼠设置陷阱
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fall into/get out of a trap 陷入/脱离陷阱 Having been trapped in traffic, he was late for work. 由于被困在交通中,他上班迟到了。 39. traveln. 旅行,传播(光、声、病)v.旅行,出行,传播 traveller/traveler 旅行者 Light travels faster than sound. 光传播比声快。 40. treasuren. 金银财宝,财富,珍爱的东西;v. 珍爱,珍惜 treasure our friendship 41. treatn. 款待;v. 对待,处理,治疗
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treatment n. 治疗,处理 under treatment 在治疗中 It’s my treat. 我请客 treat sb to sth 用某物款待某人 treat sb as/ like… 对待某人像...... 42.trickn. 诡计,把戏,花招,计谋;v. 欺骗 play a trick on sb 捉弄/欺骗某人 43. tripn./v. 旅行,旅程 go on a trip to a place 去某地旅行 44. troublen. 问题,烦恼,麻烦;v. 使苦恼,使麻烦
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I am sorry to trouble you, but can you tell me his address? trouble sb to do 麻烦某人做某事 have trouble with sth./ have trouble (in) doing 干某事有困 难 get into/out oftrouble 陷入困境 /摆脱困境 take trouble to do sth. 尽力做某事 45. truea. 真的,忠诚的 truly adv. My dream came true.= I realized my dream. 46.truthn. 真理,真相,事实
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tell the truth 说实话 47. tryn. 尝试 v. 审理,努力,尝试 try on 试穿 try out 试用 have a try 试一下 try the case 审理案件 try to do 努力 try doing 试着干 try one’s best to do =do one’s best to do 尽力做某事 48. turnn. 轮流,顺序 v. 转变,旋转,变成
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in turn=by turns 轮流(作状语) take turns to do=take turns at doing(作谓语) It is my turn. 该我了。 turn against sb/sth 背叛 turn back 返回 turn down 调低,拒绝 turn up 开大,上涨,到来,露面 turn in 上交(=hand in) turn to 转向,变成,求助于 turn off 关掉
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turn on 打开
turn over 翻过来
turn A into/to B 把 A 变成 B
turn out (to be)n/adj/ adv 结果是,证明是(强调与预料的相 反)

3500 单词不难记:高考英语高频词汇记忆方法:单词+词组+句 型(U—V)

天津一中梁耀兴 阅读数:24 U

2016-03-10 21:40:22

1. uglya.丑陋的; 难看的

2. U.K./ UK(缩) =United Kingdom 英国,联合王国

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3. umint. 嗯 4. umbrellan. 雨伞 5. U.N./UN(缩) =the United Nations n. 联合国 6. unablea.不能的,不能胜任的 7. uncertaina.不确定的 8. unclen. 叔;伯;舅;姑夫;姨父 9. underad.& prep. 在……下面,向……下面 10. understand (understood, understood)v.懂得;明白;理 解 11. understandingn.领会; 理解
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12. undertake (undertook, undertaken)v. 承担,从事,负责 undertake the difficult task 从事艰难的任务 undertake responsibility 承担责任 undertake to do sth. 负责做某事 He undertook to finish the job by Friday. 他负责周五之前完 成这项工作。 13. underwearn.内衣 14. undivideda.没分开的; 专一的; 专心的 15. undov.解开,松开 16. unemploymentn.失业
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17. unfaira.不公平的,不公正的 an unfair judge 不公平的判断/审判 be unfair on/to sb 对某人不公平 It’s unfair on him to make him pay for everything. 让他为一切付账对他不公平。 18. unfita.不合宜的,不相宜的 19. unfoldvt.展开,打开 20. unfortunatea.不幸的 21. unfortunatelyad.不幸地 22. unhappya.不高兴的,伤心的
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23. unhealthya.不健康的,不卫生的 24. uniformn.制服 25. unimportanta.不重要的 26. unionn.联合,联盟;工会 the student union 学生会 27. unitn.单元,单位 28. unitev.联合,团结 Carnival became a way to unite different communities. 嘉年华成为联合不同社区的一种方式 We should unite with all the forces that can be united.
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我们应该团结一切可以团结的力量。 29. universen.宇宙 30. universityn.大学 31. unknowna.不知道的 32. unlessconj.如果不,除非 33. unlikeprep.不像,和……不同 34. unmarrieda.未婚的,独身的 35. unpleasanta.令人不愉快的 36. unrestn.不安; 骚动 37. unsafea.不安全的; 危险的
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38. unsuccessfula.不成功的,失败的 39. untilprep.&conj. 直到……为止 40. untruea.不真实的,假的 41. unusuala.不同寻常的,异常的 42. upad. 向上;在上方;起来;在……以上 a. 上面的,向上 的,上行的 n. 上升;上坡;上行;繁荣 v. 举起;拿起;提高 prep. 向(高处);向(在)……上(面)游 43. uponprep.在……上面 upon/on+ sth/doing= as soon as 从句以......就...... Upon his arrival, I will telephone you. 他一到,我就给你打电话。
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44. uppera.较高的,较上的 45. upseta.心烦的,苦恼的 vt. 使心烦;翻倒 46. upstairsad.在楼上,到楼上 47. upward(s)ad.向上; 往上 48. urgev.强烈要求,力劝,催促,驱策,推进 n. 强烈的欲望, 迫切要求;推动力 urge sb to do/into doing 强烈要求/力劝某人做某事 They urged me to eat the strange food. 他们要求我吃奇怪的食物。 urge that clause(should do)强烈要求......
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He urged that we should take such steps. 他要求我们采取这样的措施。 49. U.S.A./USA(缩) = the United States of America n. 美国 (美利坚合众国) 50. usen. 利用,用途;v. 利用,使用 make (good/ better/full) use of sth (好好/更好地/充分)利 用某物 sth be in use/out of use 某物在被使用/ 某物不被使用 sth come into use 开始被使用 It is no use doing sth.做某事没用 be/get used to sth./doing sth. 习惯做某事
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be used to do 被用来做某事 51. useda.用过的;旧的;二手的 52. usefula.有用的,有益的 53. uselessa.无用的 54. It is useless doing sth. 做某事没用。 It’s useless worrying about it. 担心它没用。 55. usern.使用者; 用户 56. usuala.通常的,平常的 57. as usual 像往常一样 58. usuallyad. 通常
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59. undergroundn. 地下通道;地铁;地道;地下组织;秘密 活动;先锋派团体 adj.地下的;秘密的;先锋派的 adv.在地下; 秘密地
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1. vacation n. 假期,休假
the winter vacation 寒假
be on vacation 在休假
2. vain n. 自负的,徒劳的,无效的
in vain 徒劳地
I have tried very hard to find a solution to the problem, but in vain.
我非常努力去找到这个问题的答案,但是是徒劳的。
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3. valley n. 山谷, 溪谷 4. valuable a. 有价值的,值钱的,贵重的 5. valuen. 价值,价值观 v. 估价,重视 be of value= be valuable 有价值的 6. vanilla n. 香草 7. variety n. 种种,种类 8. a variety of = varieties of = various 各种各样的 9. various a. 各种各样的,不同的 10. vase n. (花)瓶 11. vast a. 巨大的,广阔的
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12. VCDn. 影碟光盘 13. vegetablen. 蔬菜 14. veryad. 很,非常 15. vestn. 背心,内衣 16. victory n. 胜利 17. video n. 录像,视频 18. videophonen.可视电话 19. viewn.看法,见解;风景,景色 v.看见,看待,考虑 political views 政治观点 in one’s view 在某人看来
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come into view 被看到 The view from the top of the tower was spectacular. 塔顶的风景非常壮观。 20. viewern.观看者 21. villagen.村庄,乡村 22. villagern.村民 23. vinegarn.醋 24. violencen.暴力 25. violenta.暴力的 violent crime 暴力犯罪
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violent movies 暴力电影 26. violinn.小提琴 27. violinistn.提琴家,提琴手 28. virtuen.美德,正直的品行,德行 29. virusn.病毒 30. visa n. 签证,背签 31. visit n.& vt. 参观,访问,拜访 go on a visit to sth/sb 参观某地/拜访某人 pay a visit to sth/sb 参观某地/拜访某人 32. visitor n. 访问者,参观者
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33. vocabulary n. 词汇, 词汇表 34. voice n. 声音,音色,语态 in a high/low…voice 以高或低的声音 at the top of one’s voice 最高声地 35. volleyball n. 排球 36. voten. 投票,选举;选票;得票数 v. 选举,投票 37. voyage n./v.航行,旅行 38. volunteern.志愿者 v.志愿,自愿
3500 单词不难记:高考高频词记忆方法:单词+词组+句型(W) 天津一中梁耀兴 2016-03-14 21:54:26
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阅读数:28 wait n. 等待 v. 等待 wait for sb/sth 等待某人/某事 wait for sb to do 等某人做某事 wait on sb 服侍某人 wait at/on table 招待进餐 can’t wait to do sth. 迫不及待地想做某事 2. wandervi 徘徊;漫步 wander about/around 四处徘徊/漫步 3.want v. 想要,需要
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The house wants painting.=The house wants to be painted.这房子需要被粉刷 4. warnvt. 警告,预先通知 warn sb of/against sth 警告某人小心某物 5. washn. 洗,洗的东西 vt/vi. 洗,冲洗 This cloth washes easily. 这种布料非常好洗。 6. wasten. 浪费,废物 vt. 浪费 waste time (in) doing/waste time on sth 浪费时间做某事 It is a waste of time/ energy/ money doing sth. 做某事是 浪费时间/精力/钱的。 7. wayn. 路;方式,方法
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in this way 用这种方法 by the way 顺便说(引入话题) on the way to a place 在去某地的路上 under way 在进行中 on the way to doing 即将干某事 give way to sb/sth 让位给某人或某物 a way to lose weight=a way of losing weight 减肥的方法 in the way 挡道,碍事 Please get out of my way!给我让路! 8. wearv. (wore , worn) 穿着,戴着,留须发,磨损
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wear sb out. 使某人精疲力竭(= sb is worn out) wear a smile 面带微笑 9. weekly adj. 每周的,周刊的 adv. 每周一次;逐周 It is a weekly magazine.它是一本周刊。 The magazine is published weekly. 这本杂志是每周出版一 次。 10. whatpron. 什么 adj. 什么;多么 What for=why So what? 那又怎么样?(表反问) What if it rains? 如果下雨怎么办?
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11. wholeadj.整个的 on the whole 总体上 12. wideadj. 宽的,广泛的 adv. 充分地 widelyadv. 广泛地 The child is wide awake. 这个小孩非常清醒,没有睡意。 English is widely used all over the world. 英语在世界各地被 广泛使用。 13. willn. 意志,遗嘱 He gave up his job against his mother’s will. 他违背母亲 的意志辞调了工作。 at will 随意,任意
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14. win v. 赢 (won/won) win the first prize/respect/fame/war/match…赢得一等奖/ 尊重/名誉/战争/比赛 15. windn. 风 v. 缠绕, 蜿蜒(wound/ wound) wind sb’s way 蜿蜒前进 feel sb’s way 摸索前进 make sb’s way (艰难地)前进 push sb’s way 挤着前进 16. wipev. 擦;擦净;擦干;消除 He wiped his hands on his blue apron. 他在他的蓝色围裙擦 了擦手。
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wipe the glass dry 擦干玻璃 They wiped away the girl’s tears. 他们擦去女孩的眼泪。 wipe out 消灭,彻底摧毁;垮台 17. wishn. 愿望 v. 希望,祝愿 wish you + 名词(success/ good luck/ a pleasant trip)! 祝 你成功/好运/旅途愉快! wish for sth 希望有某物 I wish that 从句(用虚拟语气) wish to do 希望做某事 18. withoutprep. 没有
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go without 在没有...…的情况下勉强应付
19. witnessn. 证人;目击者;证据 vt. 目击;证明;为…...作 证 vi. 作证人
The year 1949 witnessed the founding of the P.R.C.
1949 年见证了中华人民共和国成立。
20. wordn. 词,话,消息,诺言
have a word with=have a few words with 和某人谈谈
Word came that Tom won the first prize. 有消息传来,汤姆 赢得了一等奖。
You should keep your word. 你应该信守诺言。
21. workn. 工作(不可数);作品(可数);v. 工作,运转, 起作用
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worksn. 工厂(单复数均有 s),作品 work at/on …忙于/从事...... be at work 在工作 start work 开始工作 out of work 失业 work out 算出,锻炼,结果是 22. worldn. 世界 It’s a small world.世界真小。(哪里都有熟人) It’s not the end of the world. 还没到世界末日。(并不是那 么糟糕)
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I am on top of the world. 我非常愉快。 learn about the outside world 了解外面的世界 23. worriedadj. 担心的 be worried about sb/sth 担心某人/某事 Doctors are worried about the possible spread of the disease. 医生们担心这种疾病可能会传播。 be worried that… 担心...... I was worried that you wouldn’t come back. 我担心你回 不来。 worryingadj. 令人担心的
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worrying problems 令人担心的问题 worryv. (使)担心 There is no point in worrying about things you can’t change. 担心你无法改变的事情是没有意义的。 I don’t want to worry you about the present situation. 我不想让你担心目前的情况。 24. worthya. 有价值的;有价值的 be worthy of sth 值得...... be worthy of being done 值得被......
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The problem is worthy of consideration/being considered. 这个问题值得被考虑。
be worthy to be done 值得被......
The young man is worthy to be taught. 这个年轻人值得被 教。
25. worthwhilea. 值得做的,值得花时间的
a worthwhile effort 值得付出的努力
It is worthwhile to do sth/doing sth 做某事是值得的
It isn’t worthwhile continuing with the project. 继续这项 工程师值得的。
I thought it worthwhile to clarify the matter. 我认为澄清这 件事情是值得的。
26. wristn.手腕
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seize sb by the wrist 抓住某人的手腕 27. wrapv. 包起来;包装 wrap up 包/包裹/包装起来;严密裹住;包扎
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